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Statues  of 
Abraham  Lincoln 


Larkin  G.  Mead,  Jr 
Springfield,  Illinois 


Excerpts  from  newspapers  and  other 

sources 


From  the  files  of  the 
Lincoln  Financial  Foundation  Collection 


■?/  Hoof  oiS    vanlL 


Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 

in  2012  with  funding  from 

State  of  Indiana  through  the  Indiana  State  Library 


http://archive.org/details/statuesofabrahmlinc 


s 


*  Larkln  G.  ?*.ead  Jr.  was  born  In  Brattleboro,  Vermont 

jtjAA,3  l& 3F  jy  He  was  the  third  son  of  Larkin  G.  iVead  and  i.Iary 

v     £'oyes  'ead ?   and  the  nearest  brother  in  age  to  my 

mother,  Elinore  Gertrude  .ead  ? 


He  made  a  snow  statue  at  the  cross-roads  in  Brattleboro 
one  night  after  a  heavy  snow,  with  another  Brattleboro  boy 

?  to  aid  in  the  v/ork,  rnd  the 

next  morning  a  snow  angel  was  found  glittering  in  the  sun 
to  the  astonished  townspeople.   He  afterv/ard  reproduced  it 


^  as  the  Recording  Angel. 


in  marble  for  |tclW<*4  ^t^vtit^* 

Made  his  "  Ethan  Allen"  for  ? 

Reproductions  are  now  in  the  State  House  at  Iiontpelier, 
Vermont  *nd  the  Capitol  at  Washington,  D.  C. 

He  ^'as  a  friend  of  the  °-<--tist  George  Fuller  of  Deer- 
field,   ass.  who  painted  him  as  a  young  raari  (portrait  now 
in  my  oossession,  but  in  storage  in  Boston), 
and  Quincey  Ward,  the  sculptor,  were  often  at 
in  Brattleboro.   Quincey  War*  studied  with  _^ 
in  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  at  the  same  time  my  Uncle 


George  Fuller 
the  IZead  house 

f   Brown 


;iio. 


My  Uncle  was  war  illustrator  for  the  Harpers  Veekly  (f&v*+*v*~ 
for  a  short  time  during  the  Civil  far. 

He  took  my  mother  to  Europe  to  be  carried,  and  went 
on  to  Florence  to  study.   Came  to  Venice  to  act  as  Vice  Consul 
and  take  care  of  my  sister,  Winifred,  then  a  baby,  while  my 
father  and  mother  were  making  their  "Italian  Journeys".   He 
fell  in  love  with  the  daughter  of  a  poor  but  " no"'  le,:  Italian 
family  from  Dalmatia,  who  lived  on  the  top  floor  of  the 
palazzo_#ustinian,  where  the  consulate  was,  and  he  and  'arietta 

enyCnutj^  were  soon  married^   They  went  to  America  and  I 
suppose  he  "made  the  Lincoln  atatue  then,  but  unfortunately 
I  never  heard  him,  or  my  mother,  speak  of  it. 

His  wife  was  always  homesick,  so  they  went  back  to  Italy 
and  they  lived  over  forty  years  in  Florence  where  he  taught 
the  same  class  at  the  Academia  della  Belli  Art's  (?)  (Please 
verify  this),  that  Liichel  Angelo  did.   He  and  his  wife  only 
came  to  America  once  again,  in    l  HOY  ?  to  see  his  brothers 

and  sisters  who  were  all  living  in,  or  near,  New  York. 

They  used  to  visit  his  wife's  brother  in  Venice  in 
the  summer,  and  my  Uncle  would  sit  in  the  Piazza  San  Karoo 
reading  the  "Vermont  Phoenix ;i 

He  had  no  children,  and 


from  one  end  to  the  other, 
died  in  Florence  in  iXt~  I*'   ? 


He  did  a  bas-relief  of  my  father,  and  one  of  me  in 
1&3*;,  r<nd  one  of  T!enry  JacMf  soon  Rfter.   Mr.  James  described 
him  as  an  "Unreconstructed  Yankee". 

Did  a  statue  of  Mr.  ^i^ Stanford  end  their  sonAfor 
the  Stanford  University  at  Palo  Alto,  California.   Very 
realistic  group,  like  the  statues  in  the  Ompo  Santo  in 
Genoa.   Made  a  figure  of  the  Mississippi  River,  now,  I 
thlnk>  at  St.  I,oule -*.  yuJOlMULj^A^-^C^         4^  ^£4 


<Lfl£~  cu&^  v^c^r .    n—  «  <i*v*_^  T^w-r 


J 


OA-      a. 


fc*  Jvs^ZZ^ZZ%~     ts     €*-/*<*-'      j'^xJLf^-     y*6*^**A^    tL~ — ~   i^_  «*~*    ^-o-^^sk* 

-^  u£^  °—^-  -*-  *— ^.  ****** 


LINCOLN  AT  OAK  RIDGE  CEMETERY 

SPRINGFIELD.    ILLINOIS  SCULPTOR  —  LARKIN    GOLDSMITH    MEAD 


-fAa.iJLf3- 


EMNACIPATI08  -  MEAD 
Springfield  -  Illinois      - 

Springfield  also  has  another  monument  "by  Larkln  Mead.  It  was 
dedicated  in  1874  and  a  wide  celebration  marked  the  -unveiling.       It 
occupies  a  prominent  place  among  the  groups  of  bronze  figures  on  the 
monument  at  Lincoln's  tomb  which  has  recently  been  remodeled.     Within 
the  monument  are  minature  replicas  of   several  other  Lincoln  statues. 


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OAK  RIDGE 

CEME/rEKY.  SPRINGFIELD.  HA,. 

Copyright  Secured. 

Photo  by 

■■  PAYNE."  National  Gallery, 

Si'itiNiiFiKLD.  III. 

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HUNTJbom  PHOTOGRAPH 
ta ^  Possession    of   tie   Lincoln 

»a«oaal    Lira    Foundation 

F°rt_Wayne,    Indiana 

Identification  lNTumber.-4^Z2i/ 


/ 


ILLINOIS     STATE     REGISTER 


Original  Drawing  of  Lincoln  Tomb  Plan 


TOTAL  .WKKJ HI  IW>  I'fJET,  BASE  17' FEET,        : 

LTHEHATIQHAL  LXIGGMMOHU'MErt 
I-  •  (Erecting  at  Oak  iRidg-e,} 

Picture  above  is  the  original  drawing  of  Architect  Larkin  Mead  for 
the  Lincoln  tomb.  It  was  submitted  in  competition  with  other  archi- 
tectural plans  for  the  tomb  and  was  used  on  postcards  which  were  sold 
throughout  the  country  to  raise  funds  for  construction  of  the  monument. 
While  the  general  plan  was  followed,  the  lines  of  the  tomb  were  changed 
somewhat  from  the  original  drawing. 


ABK  LlflCOL&'S  GUAVE. 


*v 


The  Monument  Scarred  and  Mutilated 
by  Uollc  Hunters.        > 

Chicago,  March  21.— Tbo  Evening 
Journal  to-night  prints  a  throe-column 
article  on  the  condition  of  the  Lincoln 
Monument  at  Springfield,  111.,  and  the  ill 
troatmont  given  the  visitors  by  J.  C. 
Powers,  the  custodian  of  the  mausoleum. 
The  Journal  says,  in  part: 

"Abraham  Lincoln's  tomb  at  Springfield 
has  fallen  from  its  high  place  as  the  snrine 
of  a  mighty  nation.  The  spot  where  rest  the 
earthly  remains  of  one  ot  the  two  greatest 
mon  in  American  history  is  fast  railing  into 
decay,  and  the  stately  monument  eroctad  at 
the  capital  of  Illinois  to  commemorate  the 
love  or  tbo  people  is  scarred  and  mutilated 
from  the  attacks  of  vandalistic  relic  hunters. 
His  most  malignant  enemy  In  the  'Lost 
Cause'  could  scarcely  desire  more  indignities 
heaped  upon  'Honest  Abe's'  grave  than  now 
daily  come  to  its  lot. 


Tlie  I4ncolu  Monument. 

Special  to  The   Republic. 

MoNTiCELiiO,  111.,  June  16.— The  Illinois 
Division  of  Sons  of  Veterans  are  taking  steps 
to  have  all  the  members  of  the  order  in  the 
United  States  aid  them  in  placing  the  three  al- 
legorical figures  of  War,  Justiceand  Peace  on 
the  national  Lincoln  monumentatOak  Kidge. 
This  was  the  original  design  by  Larkin  G. 
Meade,  the  artist.  They  will  be  placed  on  a 
level  with  the  statuo  of  Lincoln,  Freedom  en 
the  west!  side  of  the  obelisic.  Justice  on  ttjB 
east,  and  Peace  on  the  north.  The  cost  of 
these  three  figures  will  bo  $15,000,  The,  Sons 
of  Veterans  desire  to  do  this  in  honor  of 
Abraham  Lincoln.  /i^X» 
-». /&  fd 


The  bronze  statue  of  Liucoln  for  tlio 
monument  to  be  erected  over  his  re- 
mains in  Springfield,  111.,  is  now  re- 
ceiving the  best  touches  of  the  artist, 
Mr.  M.  S.  Mosman,  at  the  Ames  works 
in  Chieopee.      fe '    ■    4,      f  ■>     T'^L. 


880 


HARPER'S  WEEKLY. 


[October  24,  1S74. 


THE  LINCOLN  MONUMENT 

AT  SPRINGFIELD,  ILLINOIS. 

We  give  on  this  page  an  illus- 
tration of  the  monument  erected 
at  Springfield,  Illinois,  in  honor  of 
President  Lincoln,  which  includes 
a  bronze  statue  of  the  President 
modeled  by  Mr.  Larkin  G.  Mead. 
The  statue  was  put  in  its  place  on 
the  3d  inst.,  and  was  formally  un- 
veiled on  the  15th  in  the  presence 
of  a  vast  assemblage  of  people 
from  all  parts  of  the  country.  It 
stands  on  the  south  side  and  in 
front  of  the  shaft,  about  thirty 
feet  above  the  ground.  Presi- 
dent Grant  and  many  other  dis- 
tinguished guests,  both  civil  and 
military,  were  present  at  the  cere- 
mony. The  statue  is  an  excellent 
and  characteristic  likeness  of  Mr. 
Liscoln.  The  figure  is  represent- 
ed as  dressed  in  the  double-breasted 
long  frock-coat. and  the  loose  pan- 
taloons which  were  the  fashion  ten 
or  twelve  years  ago,  and  conse- 
quently make  the  form  appear 
somewhat,  more  full  and  robust 
than  Mr.  Lincoln  really  was. 
The  portraiture  of  the  statue  is 
realistic  in  its  fidelity.  The  rather 
stooping  shoulders,  the  forward  in- 
clination of  the  head,  manner  of 
wearing  the  hair,  the  protruding 
eyebrows,  the  nose,  the  mouth, 
with  the  prominent  and  slightly 
drooping  lower  lip,  the  mole  on 
his  left  cheek,  the  eyes  sitting  far 
back  in  his  head,  the  calm,  ear- 
nest, half-sorrowful  expression  of 
the  face,  all  recall  to  the  minds  of 
his  old  friends  and  neighbors  the 
simple-mannered,  unaffected  man 
who  lived  among  them  until  he  was 
called  away  to  enter  upon  the  duties 
of  Chief  Magistrate  of  the  nation. 

As  will  be  seen  from  our  engrav- 
ing, Mr.  Lincoln  is  represented 
with  his  left  hand  resting  upon 
fasces,  around  which  are  grace- 
fully folded  the  Stars  and  Stripes. 
Mr.  Lincoln  is  represented  as 
having  just  signed  the  Procla- 
mation of  Emancipation,  and  in 
his  left  hand  he  holds  a  scroll 
marked  "Proclamation;"  in  the 
right  hand  he  holds  a  pen.  The 
coat  of  arms  upon  the  face  of 
the  pedestal  on  which  the  statue 
stands  represents  the  American 
eagle  standing  upon  a  shield  partly 
draped  by  the  flag,  with  one  foot 
upon  a  broken  shackle,  and  in  his 


beak  the  fragments  of  a  chain 
which  he  has  just  broken  to  pieces. 

The  monument  is  constructed  in 
the  most  substantial  manner  of 
Quincy  granite.  In  the  base  are 
two  chambers.  The  one  shown  in 
our  engraving  is  called  Memorial 
Hall,  and  contains  some  interest- 
ing relics  of  the  late  President. 
The  other,  on  the  north  side,  con- 
tains the  caskets  inclosing  the  re- 
mains of  Mr.  Lincoln  and  his 
little  son  "Tad."  The  opening 
above  Memorial  Hall  is  the  en- 
trance to  the  winding  stairs  lead- 
ing to  the  top  of  the  monument. 
The  several  subordinate  groups  of 
figures  shown  in  our  engraving  are 
not  yet  placed  in  position.  Each 
group  is  intended  to  represent  a 
branch  of  the  service  of  the  United 
States. 

The  monument  was  erected  un- 
der the  superintendence  of  Mr. 
W.  D.  Kichardson,  from  the  de- 
sign of  Mr.  Larkin  G.  Mead. 
The  base  is  seventy-four  feet  on 
ench  side  and  twenty  high,  the 
total  height  to  the  top  of  the  shaft 
being  one  hundred  and  twenty  feet. 
The  structure  cost  $250,000. 


THE  LINCOLN   MONUMENT  AT  SPRINGFIELD,  ILLINOIS.- [PnOTOGHAWiKD  nv  C.  J.  Paynf..] 


>\ 


-     ■;.    ■  :  I     ;' 


%  fit® 


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By  United. 


THE  LINCOLN  TOMB  AT  SPRINGFIELD,  ILL.— The  photograph  shows  Gen.  Haller, 
the  "Pershing  of  Poland,"  who  recently  visited  the  United  States*  and  his  staff  in  front 
of  the  great  memorial  erected  in  Lincoln's  memory  at  Springfield,  111. 


WHERE  THE  GREAT  EMANCIPATOR  IS  BURIED-" 

THE   LINCOLN  TOMB 

An    unusual    photograph    of    the    Lincoln    mausoleum    in 

Springfield,    111.,    made    by    a    Philadelphia!!,    showing    the 

statue    of    the    Civil    War    President    at    the    front    of    the 

;       .  ,  beautiful  memorial  ■  Ritu«e 

t.  ""    ■ ^ -         - 


Visit  the  Lincoln  Shrines  at 

Springfield 

State  Capital  Was  Home  of  Great  Emancipator 


SPRINGFIELD,  the  capital  city  of 
Illinois,  and  for  many  years  t he 
home  city  of  Abraham  Lincoln, 
contains  two  notable  Lincoln  shrines — 
his   tomb   and    his    modest   homeste&d. 

The  tomb  is  an  imposing  one  and 
stands  in  Oak  Ridge  Cemetery.  The 
statue  of  Lincoln  is  on  a  pedestal  pro- 
jecting from  the  suiith  side  of  the  obe- 
lisk— the  central  figure  of  a  series  of 
groups,  representing  the  Infantry,  the 
Cavalry,  the  Artillery  and  the  Navy. 
Passing  around  the  whole  obelisk  and 
pedestal  is  a  band  or  chain  of  shields, 
each  representing  a  state,  the  name  of 
which  is   carved  upon   it. 

The  body  of  President  Lincoln  [was 
placed  in  a  receiving  vault  in  Oak  Ridge 
on  May  4,  1S(i."),  and  a  week  later  the 
National  Lincoln  Monument  Associa- 
tion was  formed  with  Governor  Richard 
J.  Oglesby  at  the  head.  A  temporary 
vault  was  built  and  the  body  removed 
on  December  21,  lSii.",.  Six  years  later 
it  was  placed  in  the  crypt  in  the  monu- 
ment and  three  years  later  in  the 
sarcophagus  in  the  center  of  the  cata- 
comb. However,  in  IS1.)'.),  the  structure 
began  to  show  signs  of  breaking  down, 
and  a  cemented  vault  was  built  beneath 
the  floor  of  the  catacomb  directly  un- 
derneath the  sarcophagus.  There  the 
body  of  President  Lincoln  was  placed 
September   :i(i,    1901,   where   it   still   rests. 

Brick   and   Granite 

The  monument  is  built  of  brick  and 
Quincy  granite  but  the  granite  only 
shows.  It  contains  also  the  crypts  in 
which  lie  the  bodies  of  Mrs.  Lincoln, 
two  sons  and  Abraham  Lincoln,  a 
grandson. 

The  money  used  in  the  construction 
of  the  monument  came  largely  from 
popular  subscriptions,  only  three  states 
making  appropriations  to  the  fund,  Illi- 
nois, $50,000;  Missouri,  $1,000;  and 
Nevada,  $500.  Sunday  schools,  lodges, 
army  associations,  and  other  organiza- 
tions contributed.  The  largest  sum 
given  except  b\  the  State  oi  lllii  ois, 
was  $I,-HS7,  from  1 1 1  ■  7,'id  Regimenr  of 
colored  troops  al  New  Orleans.  Al  out 
$S,000  «;i>  contributed  l>\  colored 
soldiers    in    the    I   nil'ed    States    Amu 

1  lii-  iiioiiumeiil  iva."  designed  by  l.ar- 
kin    G.    Mend    of    l-'lorence,    Italy. 

I  he  monument  aLo  contains  a  Me- 
morial Hall  which  is  idled  with  a  most 
interesting    collection    of    Lincoln    relics. 


Among  them  are  his  surveying  instru- 
ments, the  compass,  chain  and  Jacob 
staff  and  the  worn  old  black  leather 
saddle  bags  in  which  he  carried  the 
instrument  and  papers.  There  i.-<  a  soap 
dish  and  curtain  fixtures  from  the  Lin- 
coln home  as  well  as  two  small  black 
cane-seated  chairs,  a  part  of  his  first 
parlor  set,  an  ink-stained  deal  table 
and  a  plain  wooden  rocker  which  was 
in  his  law  office  when  he  was  nomin- 
ated   for    the    presidency. 

There  are  many  letters  in  the  col- 
lection, one  from  a  little  girl  of  thir- 
teen, Grace  Bedell,  who  wrote  to  Lin- 
coln during  his  first  campaign  telling 
him  that  he  would  look  better  if  he 
wore   whiskers.      He   answered   her,   say- 


ing that  he  was  not  inclined  to  do  so, 
but  shortly  afterward  he  raised  the 
beard  and  when  he  visited  her  home  city 
during  the  campaign,  he  called  for  her 
and  showed  her  that  hi  had  followed 
her   advice. 

Lincoln  Relics 
Still  another  relic  is  a  faded  piece  of 
white  silk  with  a  pattern  of  red  (lowers, 
kept  in  a  glass  frame.  The  silk  also 
shows  a  dark  stain  of  blood.  It  was 
from  the  dress  worn  by  Laura  Keen  on 
the  night  Lincoln  was  assassinated.  She 
stepped  from  the  stage  into  the  Lincoln 
box  and  took  the  wounded  President's 
head  on  her  lap.  A  year  later  she 
brought  the  piece  to  Springfield  her- 
(See    Page    14) 


The  Lincoln  Monument  at  Springfield 


self  and    presented   it   to   the   monument 
association. 

The  Lincoln  homestead  at  Eighth  and 
Jackson  Streets,  Springfield,  was  the 
only  residence  ever  owned  by  Abraham 
Lincoln.  He  lived  there  for  seventeen 
years  and  at  the  time  of  his  nomination 
and  election  to  the  presidency.  From 
there  he  went  forth  to  glory  and  the 
grave. 

The  frame  work  and  all  the  floors  are 
of  oak;  the  laths  of  hickory,  split  out 
by  hand;  the  doors,  door  frames,  win- 
dow frames  and  weather  boarding  of 
black  walnut.  The  nails,  sparingly  used 
in  its  construction,  are  all  hand  made. 
The  most  noticeable  feature  of  its  con- 
struction from  the  builders'  point  of 
view  is  the  prodigal  use  of  walnut  and| 
strict  economy  in  the  use  of  iron — 
wooden  pegs  being  used  wherever  prac- 
ticable  in   lieu  of  the   customary    nail. 

Various  Lincoln  possessions  are  in 
the  Home  and  are  being  supplemented 
with  pieces  of  that  period.  One  can  see 
a  picture  of  Queen  Victoria  sent  by  the: 
Queen  to  Mr.  Lincoln  in  the  earl}' 
sixties,  a  clock  that  belonged  to  Lin- 
coln before  his  marriage,  Mr.  Lincoln's 
favorite  chair,  an  upholstered  rocker, 
and  beside  it  his  wife's  favorite  little 
rocker,  his  writing  desk  and  many  other 
articles  that  speak  to  you  of  the  great 
Emancipator. 

In  this  house  with  so  little  in  its 
appearance  to  distinguish  it  from  hun- 
dreds of  others  built  about  the  same 
time,  Air.  Lincoln  took  up  his  residence 
in  the  second  year  after  his  marriage. 
Here  the  three  youngest  children  of  his 
family  were  born  and  the  eldest  of  the 
three  died.  Here  he  grew  up  from  the 
small  figure  of  a  country  lawyer  to 
the  full  stature  of  a  party  idol  and  the 
grand  proportions  of  a  national  leader. 
Here  were  nurtured  his  early  born 
ambitions  and  here  his  greatest  political 
aspiration  was  realized.  Here  he  closed 
his  career  as  a  citizen  of  Illinois  and 
took  up  the  work  to  which  he  gave  his 
life  that  "the  government  of  the  people, 
by  the  people,  and  for  the  people  might 
not   perish    from    the    earth." 


TOWERING  SHAFT 
TO  LINCOLN  URGED 


Custodian  of  Tomb  Sug- 
gests Master  Memorial 
at  Springfield. 


BY   CLAUDE   O.    PIKE. 

Sreei.il  Dispatch  from  a  Staff  Correspondent. 

Springfield,  111.,  July  22.— A  Lincoln 
monument  towering  500  feet  high, 
visible  for  20  miles  and  surmounted 
by  a  powerful  search  light  to  mark 
the  way  for  air  mail  pilots  is  sug- 
gested by  Herbert  Wells  Fay,  custo- 
dian of  the  Lincoln  tomb  and  monu- 
ment, as  a  fitting  memorial  for  the 
great  emancipator. 

Such  a  monument  would  oe 
Illinois'  challenge  to  the  charges  that 
the  immortal  Lincoln  was  being  for- 
gotten by  his  native  state.  It  would 
also  challenge  the  genius  of  the 
world's    greatest    artists    and    sculp- 


the  Coles  county  nome,  and  repro- 
duce the  New  Salem  log  cabin  village. 
One  >-oom  could  be  devoted  to  the 
Black  Hawk  war,  showing  the  contour 
of  each  county  traveled. 

Rooms   for   Major    Events. 

"Rooms  could  be  set  aside  showing 
Vandalia,  the  campaign  for  congress, 
Lincoln-Douglas  debates,  depict  the 
battles  of  the  civil  war,  the  assassi- 
nation and  funeral.  Another  room 
could  be  set  aside  to  the  Lincoln  me- 
morials erected  in  his  honor. 

"The  inner  circle  of  rooms  next  to 
the  base  of  the  statue  could  be  de- 
voted to  a  display  of  paintings  of 
Lincoln,  scenes  of  his  life  depicted  in 
sculpture  and  photographs.  To  get 
such  a  collection  offer  $10,000  each 
for  the  five  best  paintings  of  Lin- 
coln or  pertaining  to  his  life  and  $5,- 
000  for  the  next  five  best.  Offer 
smaller  sums  for  miniatures  of  Lin- 
coln, transparencies,  scenes  or  photo- 
graphs. 

"This  amount  of  money  would  en- 
list the  best  efforts  of  the  greatest 
artists  of  the  country  and  such  a  col- 
lection, properly  housed,  would  attract 


SKETCH  OF  MEMORIAL  SUGGESTED  BY  HERBERT 
WELLS  FAY.  CUSTODIAN  OF  THE  LINCOLN  TOMB  AND 
MONUMENT  AT  SPRINGFIELD,  ILL.  IT  WOULD  BE  500  FEET 
HIGH  AND  HAVE  A  POWERFUL  SEARCHLIGHT  ON  TOP  OF 
IT  TO  GUIDE  AIR-MAIL  PILOTS. 

IBy     Robert    Mills      stall    artUt.l 


C\-    (  ? 


I  Hi 


t  ■'•^, 


*2&  ^/ay  suMeste  a  «s 

standing  statue   of  Lincoln   200   feet 
*h mounted  on  a  pedestal  300  fee! 

TSfiZJ'  base  he  wouid 

»    suitable    memorial    hall    r0 
-  -i-n  .£     proportions  of  the  monn 

Describes  Plan  of  Memorial. 

Make  three  circles  of  rooms"  sue 
«eats  Mr.  Fay.     "On   the  outer  wail 
arrange  to  record  the  principal  events 

«5KS  iUe' especta1^  '"»  SS 

cradle  until  he  went  to  Washington 
la  frames  on  the  walls  wdtaSS 
cases  put  pictures  of  every  So?  h! 
ever  visaed,  letters  and  speeches  he 
wrote  things  he  said,  stories  keloid 
friends,    documents    and    surveys    he 

3ft  thP,rtem,atic  a««  o 

of  h2  1  >  th,?Uld  ,giVe  a  Pa«^ama 
l„f  ille  that  would  give  a  patriotic 

Egn   every  visitor'  *"3c2°5 

"In  this  exhibit  could  be  shown  a 

,lCJreD'    h«    made    in    chrono- 
logical order.     Pictures  of  every  person 

SSSFiE* places  vis]ted  2 

shovvn.  mere  could  be  shown  all 
publications    about   Lincoln,    authors 

evei>  tmng.  Make  it  answer  eve™ 
Question  asked  about  Lincoln  Have 
|»y  county  of  the  state  represented 

Mr?  ,  Center  clrcle  "Produce  his 
birthplace,  probably  exact  size,  shew- 

ture  the  contour  of  the  country  and 
make  it  show  all  the  places  he  £*' 
quented  in  Kentucky.  6 

"Then  in  the  next  room  faithful  v 

HFVS,WBa  home  and  *- 

cmity.  in  adjoining  rooms  of  the 
center  circle  show  a  miniature  of  the 
Decatur    home    of    Thomas   Lincoln! 


every  /Jincoln  lover  of  the  worm. 
This  would  make  the  tomb  of  Lin- 
coln the  last  word  in  every  detail. 
One  of  the  most  expensive  and  de- 
si-able  acquisitions  would  be  a  bou- 
.tevard  connecting  the  state  capitol, 
the  tomb  and  the  Lincoln  home.  With 
this  idea  followed  out,  criticisms  that 
Illinois  does  not  appreciate  her  Lin- 
coln advantage  would  forever  be  si- 
lenced." 

Tomb  a  World  Shrine. 
Mr.  Fay,  who,  as  custodian  of  the 
Lincoln  monument,  is  recognized  as 
one  of  the  best  authorities  on  Lin- 
coln, asserts  that  there  is  a  growing 
sentiment  that  Illinois  does  not  fully 
appreciate  her  great  historical  asset. 
"The  home  and  tomb  of   Lincoln 
attract  more  attention  over  the  world 
than  any  other  single  feature,  prob- 
ably  more   than    all   put   together," 
said  Mr.  Fay. 

If  the  citizens  of  Illinois  were 
olive  to  their  historical  advantage 
they  would  appropriate  a  couple  of 
million  dollars  to  show  their  appre- 
ciation of  what  came  to  them  by  the 
working  of  fate.  Nearly  $3,000,000 
was  expended  on  the  memorial  at 
Washington  and  it  answers  every 
hope  of  those  who  are  satisfied  with 
an  appeal  to  the  spectacular.  It 
awes  the  guest  and  gives  friend  and 
foe  the  proper  thrill.  Something  dif- 
ferent «hould  be  planned  for  Spring- 
field. 

Pushes  Idea  Before  State. 
Mr.  Fay  suggests  the  monument 
with  the  surrounding  memorial  hall 
simply  as  a  means  of  getting  his  idea 
before  the  public,  believing  that  the 
time  is  ripe  for  Illinois  to  begin  giving 
constructive  thought  to  the  matter 
The  present  tomb  and  monument 
were  erected  in  1874  at  a  cost  of 
$350,000.    It  is  in  urgent  need  of  re- 


pairs now.  Visitors  comment  on  ito 
condition.  The  small  rooms  in  the 
base  of  the  monument  are  far  too 
small  and  the  choice  collection  of 
Lincoln  documents,  memorials  and 
souvenirs  cannot  be  displayed.  Mr 
Fay's  personal  collection  of  Lincoln 
papers,  pictures  and  documents  more 
than  fill  the  limited  space  at  present. 
There  are  nine  acres  in  the  Lincoln 
monument  plot  in  Beautiful  Oakridge 
cemetery  in  Springfield,  giving  ample 
space  for  the  erection  of  a  fitting 
memorial  and  shrine  to  Illinois'  gift 
to  the  nation. 

Visitors    on    Increase. 

Just  why  there  is  the  marked  in- 
crease in  the  number  of  visitors  to 
the  tomb  is  difficult  to  determine. 
With  the  seeming  breakdown  in  the 
democracy  that  Lincoln  stood  for  and 
the  indifference  toward  political 
honesty  and  decency  found  in  Amer- 
ican politics  today,  and  particularly 
in  Illinois,  the  growing  stream  of 
pilgrims  to  the  last  resting  place  of 
the  ashes  of  the  great  emancipator 
is  little  short  of  miraculous. 

It  is  claimed  by  some  that  the  re- 
cent works  on  Lincoln  have  inspired 
the  pilgrimage  of  many.  The  auto- 
mobile and  hard  roads  make  the 
tomb  the  mecca  for  thousands  more. 
The  tomb  is  open  every  day  from  8 
in  the  morning  until  6  at  night,  and 
any  day  a  visitor  to  it  will  find  the 
tomb  crowded  with  visitors.  On  an 
average,  400  people  visit  the  tomb 
daily.  One  sees  automobiles  parked 
about  there  by  the  dozen,  bearing 
license  plates  from  distant  states.  On 
Sundays  the  visitors  reach  nearly  a 
thousand  in  good  weather. 

Five  year  ago  visitors  registering 
there  were  under  30,000.  Last  year 
over  150,000  signed  the  visitors'  book. 


ILLINOIS    STATE     REGISTER     JULY    20     1930 


b 


STRIPPED  OF  ITS  HEROIC 
STATUARY  and  much  of  the 
stone  work  from  about  the  base,; 
Lincoln's  monument  presents  a 
rather  forlorn  appearance.  But 
construction  work  is  progressing 
rapidly  and  when  completed  the 
monument  will  have  added  dignity 
and  beauty.  The  exterior  will  be 
of  the  same  appearance  as  when 
originally  constructed  but  the  In- 
terior will  be  entirely  changed. 

(Bute    Register   Photo) 


' 


■*  'Z:  .     ■    \ 


-:.**:■  £~ >**.** mu^mtjfr^z 


&2& * M'lLraai:  ■     --_'      -      ..-:>V.- 


THE      PHILADELPHIA      RECOP. 


HOOVER  AT  RE-DEDICATION  OF  LINCOLN  TOMB 


*■"  *'-) ■: 


Here  is  President  Hoover  delivering  his  address  during  the  impressive  dedicatory  ceremonies  of  t lie  re- 
modeled tomb  of  Abraluim  Lincoln,  at  Springlield,  111.  The  granite  column  shown  in  the  background  was 
constructed  in  J8(i9.  The  newly  completed  work  Includes  the  entire  remodeling  of  the  memorial's  base,  in 
which  were  placed  nine  statues  of  Lincoln,  representing  various  stages  in  his  life. 


WEDNESDAY,  JUNE  12,  1935. 


THE  TOJRRINGTON  REGISTER 


REPUBLICANS  CALL  FOR  'LIBERTY' 


Delegates  to  the   republican  grass   roots  convention   are   shown   as 
they  heard  pleas  for  "liberty"  at  Abraham   Lincoln's  tomb   in   Spring- 
field, III.  The  Roosevelt  administration  meanwhile  came  in  for  a  severe 
l^fimiffliPlvy4,&^1fi4fr%.gftfi^£Eg'  .(Associated  Press  Photo), , 


February,  1939 


HOBBIES— The  Magazine  for  Collectors 


13 


Ihe  Erection  of  the 

Lincoln  Monument 


By  Harry  E.  Pratt 


PRESIDENT  LINCOLN'S  body 
■*■  was  placed  in  the  public  vault  in 
Oak  Ridge  cemetery,  May  4,  1865. 
On  October  15,  1874  a  great  throng 
of  people,  including  President  Grant, 
attended  the  dedication  of  the  Lincoln 
Monument  erected  by  the  gifts  of  a 
grateful  people. 

The  monument  had  then  cost  over 
$150,000  and  $55,000  more  was  used 
to  place  the  groups  of  bronze  figures 
representing  the  four  branches  of 
the  Military  and  Naval  Service. 

It  was  Mrs.  Lincoln's  expressed  de- 
sire to  have  the  monument  in  Oak 
Ridge  cemetery,  in  preference  to  the 
ground  now  occupied  by  the  State 
Capitol,  which  had  been  chosen  by  the 
National  Lincoln  Monument  Assoc- 
iation. Before  his  election  to  the 
Presidency,  Lincoln,  with  his  wife  on 
a  visit  to  the  cemetery  had  said: 
"What  a  beautiful  spot."  To  C.  M. 
Smith,  his  brother-in-law,  he  had  ex- 
pressed the  same  thought.  The  hard 
maple,  his  favorite  tree  grew  there 
in  abundance. 

The  process  of  collecting  funds  be- 
gan immediately  after  Lincoln's 
death,  continued  slowly  and  not  until 
January,  1868,  did  the  Association, 
directed  by  fifteen  of  Lincoln's  old 
friends,  issue  notice  for  designs  for  a 
monument  to  cost  not  over  $200,000. 
They  offered  $1,000  as  a  prize  for  the 
monument  chosen.  The  announce- 
ment had  been  eagerly  awaited  by 
artists,  sculptors,  architects  and 
quarry  owners.  Many  inquiries  and 
several  designs  had  already  been  re- 
ceived by  the  Association.  The  first 
to  inquire  and  the  first  to  com- 
plete his  design  was  Larkin  H. 
Mead,  Jr.,  and  the  winner  of  the 
prize.  Imbued  with  the  idea  that  a 
monument  would  be  erected  to  "so 
great  a  man  as  President  Lincoln," 
Mead,  then  a  sculptor,  scarcely  thirty 
years  of  age,  began  on  a  design  in 
January,  1865,  four  months  before 
Lincoln's  assassination.  The  minia- 
ture plaster  model  of  the  monument, 
exhibited  in  New  York  in  August, 
1865,  was  made  in  his  studio  in 
Florence,  Italy. 

Anxious  that  his  design  should  be 
accepted,  Mead  kept  the  Association 
informed  of  his  movements  on  his  re- 
turn to  America,  and  offered  to  bring 
the  design  to  Springfield  for  ap- 
proval.     Influential   friends   commun- 


icated their  approval  of  the  artist's 
effort. 

Undismayed  by  the  publicity  given 
to  Mead's  design,  thirty  other  artists 
submitted  theirs  by  September  1, 
1868.  The  designs  were  placed  on 
exhibit  for  ten  days  in  the  Senate 
Chamber  of  the  State  House.  Here 
the  committee  of  thirteen,  represent- 
ing the  Association,  viewed  them  and 
selected  the  four  best  designs.  On 
the  last  ballot,  Mead's  design  received 
twelve  of  the  thirteen  votes.  Sharon 
Tyndale,  the  only  member  of  the 
committee  to  die  before  the  monu- 
ment was  completed,  voted  for  anoth- 
er design.  Leonard  Volk,  sculptor  of 
famous  figures  of  Lincoln  and  Doug- 
las, was  among  the  four  competitors 
chosen  for  the  last  ballot.  Two  noted 
women  sculptors  submitted  designs, 
Harriet  Hosmer  and  Vinnie  Ream. 
Miss  Ream,  at  the  age  of  fifteen,  had 
been  given  an  order  from  Congress 
for  the  marble  figure  of  Lincoln  that 
stands  today  in  the  National  Hall  of 
Statuary.  The  Chicago  firm  of  Co- 
chrane and  Piquenard,  architects  of 
the  Illinois  and  Iowa  Capitol  build- 
ings, submitted  a  design  for  the  mon- 
ument. 

In  a  letter  to  Senator  Morrill  of 
Vermont,  Mead  wrote  "My  design 
was  adopted  and  I  received  the 
$1,000,  which  was  promised  to  the 
artist  whose  design  should  be  ac- 
cepted. An  executive  committee  was 
there  appointed  consisting  of  three 
members  and  they  proceeded  with  me 
to  draw  up  a  preliminary  contract 
for  the  execution  of  the  monument 
complete. 

"It  is  my  duty  to  prepare  specifi- 
cations and  working  plans  and  to 
present  them  to  the  executive  com- 
mittee on  or  before  the  first  of  Febru- 
ary next,  at  which  time  a  final  con- 
tract will  be  made.  I  am  to  furnish 
satisfactory    security. 

"This  is  the  way  the  matter  stands 
and  I  think  I  have  cause  to  congratu- 
late myself.  I  feel  truly  gratified  to 
you  for  seeing  that  I  was  properly 
recommended  to  the  committee.  I 
was  an  entire  stranger  to  them  all, 
but  I  soon  found  I  was  dealing  with 
high  minded  men  and  true  friends  of 
Mr.  Lincoln.  I  trust  I  merit  the  high 
honor  they  have  bestowed  upon  me 
and  I  shall  use  my  utmost  exertions 
in  performing  my  task  to  make  it  art 
acceptable  work." 


A  final  contract  with  Mead  was 
signed  on  December  30,  1868.  The 
Association  agreed  to  follow  his 
drawings  and  specifications.  Mead 
then  returned  to  Italy,  and  the  Assoc- 
iation contracted  with  W.  D.  Richard- 
son of  Springfield  to  erect  the  monu- 
ment, exclusive  of  the  statuary,  for 
$136,550.  This  part  of  the  work, 
which  it  was  contemplated,  would  be 
complete  by  January  1,  1871  was  not 
finished  until  the  week  before  the 
dedication   in    October,   1874. 

Mead's  work  in  addition  to  the 
drawing  up  of  the  plans,  for  which 
he  received  $5,500,  was  to  mold,  cast 
and  deliver  all  the  statuary  required 
by  his  design;  a  statue  of  Lincoln,  a 
coat  of  arms  of  the  United  States, 
and  four  groups  representing  the  in- 
fantry, cavalry,  artillery  and  the 
marine.  The  statue  of  Lincoln  and 
each  of  the  groups  was  to  be  de- 
livered for  $13,500.  The  cavalry 
group,  the  last  to  be  erected,  was  not 
ordered  until  almost  eleven  years  af- 
ter the  original  contract  was  signed. 
All  the  plaster  models  of  statuary 
were  shipped  from  Florence,  Italy, 
to  Chicopee,  Mass.,  where  they  were 
cast  into  bronze  by  the  Ames  Manu- 
facturing Company.  A.  D.  Shephard, 
President  of  the  National  Bank  Note 
Company  of  New  York,  acted  as 
agent  for  Mead  in  his  business  trans- 
actions with  the  Association  from 
1868  until  the  cavalry  group  was 
erected  in  1883.  The  resolution  made 
by  the  directors  of  the  Association  in 
1865,  to  contract  for  work  on  the 
monument  only  as  fast  as  funds  were 
available,  was  strictly  followed.  Gov- 
ernors of  the  states  were  appealed 
to  for  funds.  Many  of  them  heartily 
recommended  the  project  to  their  leg- 
islatures. Responses  came  only  from 
five  states:  Illinois  gave  $77,400; 
New  York,  $10,000;  Missouri,  $1,000; 
and  Nevada  and  Nebraska  each  gave 
$500.  Congress,  on  March  3,  1869, 
donated  "such  damaged  and  captured 
bronze  and  scrapped  guns  and  ordin- 
ance as  may  be  required."  The  As- 
sociation estimated  that  50,000  pounds 
would  be  needed.  Sixty-five  bronze 
field  howitzers,  three  fourths  of 
which  were  Confederate  guns,  were 
delivered  at  Chicopee,  Mass.  Only  a 
part  of  this  metal  was  used.  Its  qual- 
ity was  so  poor  that  only  forty-five 
percent  of  it  could  be  used  in  each 
casting.  The  surplus  was  sold  at 
twelve  cents  a  pound,  netting  the  As- 
sociation  approximately   $4,000. 

From  the  estate  of  William  Beln 
of  San  Francisco,  came  the  largest 
single  bequest,  $2,497.50. 

At  the  meeting  of  the  Directors  of 
the  National  Lincoln  Monument  As- 
sociation, in  July,  1874,  it  was  re- 
solved to  dedicate  the  monument, 
minus  the  four  group  statues,  on  Oc- 
tober 15,  1874.  The  Army  of  the 
Tennessee  was  to  hold  its  reunion  in 

(Continued   on   next   page) 


THE  REGISTER,     Sunday,    January  26,    1958 


Nuns  Unveiled 
Lincoln  Monument 

It  was  no  wonder  then  that 
when  the  national  monument  to 
Lincoln  at  his  burial  place  in 
Springfield,  111.,  was  to  be  ded- 
icated, Gen.  William  Tecumseh 
Sherman,  who  was  in  charge 
of  arrangements,  requested  that 
a  nun  of  the  Dominican  con- 
vent in  Springfield  be  permitted 
to  unveil  the  memorial.  To  his 
consternation  the  nuns  had  to 
decline  the  honor,  since  they 
were  cloistered. 

Sherman's  thoughts  went  to 
the  appalling  scene  in  the  Mem- 
phis hospitals  where  Sisters  of 
St.  Dominic  from  Kentucky  had 
ministered  to  the  wounded  and 
dving  soldiers  of  his  command. 
"If  I  had  my  Sisters  of  St.  Do- 
minic near  me,"  he  declared, 
"they  would  not  disappoint  me." 

Hearing  that  some  of  these 
sisters  staffed  a  parochial 
school  in  Jacksonville,  111.,  Sher- 
man obtained  permission  for 
them  to  unveil  the  monument. 
Sister  Josephine  Meagher,  the 
superior,  accompanied  by  Sister 
Eachel,  a  former  war  nurse, 
journeyed  to  Springfield  in  the 
President's  special  railroad  car 
and  in  the  presence  of  a  huge 
throng  the  silken  banner  con- 
cealing the  statue  was  released 
into  their  hands.  Then  the  sis- 
ters slipped  away  and  returned 
to  Jacksonville. 

When  Sister  Rachel  died  in 
1909  in  Springfield,  the  great- 
|  est  celebration  ever  held  in  hon- 
|or  of  Lincoln  was  going  on 
there  to  commemorate  the  100th 
year  of  his  birth.  President  Wil- 
liam Howard  Taft  headed  the 
dignitaries  in  attendance.  As, 
the  hearse  bearing  Sister  Ra- 
chel's remains  passed  the  Lin- 
coln Memorial  en  route  to  Cal- 
vary Cemetery,  the  bell  on  the 
monument  was  tolled,  and  a 
squad  of  soldiers  stood  at  at- 
tention at  the  base  of  the 
obelisk. 


m 


Chicago  Sunday  Tribune 
February  9,  1958 


SPRINGFIELD  COURTHOUSE, 
NEGLECTED  LINCOLN  SHRINE 


BY  ROBERT  HOWARD 

[Tribune    Springfield    Correspondent! 

HISTORIANS  in  Illinois  are  hopeful 
that  the  state  government  before 
many  years  will  have  title  to  the 
Sangamon  county  courthouse,  one  of 
the  nation's  most  neglected  historical 
shrines.  A  century  ago,  when  Abe  Lin- 
coln was  the  leading  citizen  of  Spring- 
field, the  stone  faced  building  in  the  cen- 
ter of  the  business  district  was  the  state 
capitol.  As  a  county  courthouse,  it  now 
is  inadequate  and  overcrowded,  dilapi- 
dated and  dingy. 

Within  the  last  generation,  it  should 
have  been  restored  as  a  Lincoln  shrine 
and  museum.  Gov.  Dwight  H.  Green 
tried  to  buy  the  building  12  years  ago. 
Gov.  Stratton  last  year  sent  word  that 
the  state  still  wants  to  pay  a  fair  price 
for  the  old  building.  His  tentative  offer 
was  being  mulled  over  by  the  board  of 
supervisors  when  the  legislative  session 
adjourned. 

There  is  hope  that  a  deal  between  the 
state  and  Sangamon  county  can  be 
worked  out  by  1959,  when  the  meeting 
of  the  legislature  will  coincide  with  the 
150th  anniversary  of  Lincoln's  birth. 
Public  sentiment  may  be  stirred  this 


Sangamon  County  Cpurthous* 

year  by  celebration  of  the  Lincoln-Doug- 
las debate  centennial^  None  of  the  de- 
bates was  held  here,  but  an  important 
preliminary  was  Lincoln's  "  house  divid- 
ed against  itself  cannot  stand  "  speech, 
which  was  made  in  the  old  hall  of  the 
House  of  Representatives,  now  the  Cir- 
cuit courtroom. 


AMONG  the  chief  drum  beaters  for 
a  new  courthouse  are  the  judges 
of  the  Circuit  court,  who  contend  that 
the  118  year  old  capital  was  never  in- 
tended for  jury  trials. 

Most  downstate  counties  have  larger 
and  better  courthouses.  Here  county 
officials  are  crowding  out  the  Lincoln 
memories.  The  county  judge  occupies 
space  previously  devoted  to  the  law  li- 
brary, where  Lincoln  frequently  studied, 
and  to  the  Supreme  court,  before  which 
he  tried  nearly  200  cases. 

Between  his  nomination  and  farewell 
speech,  Lincoln  worked  and  received 
visitors  in  the  governor's  office,  now  as- 
signed to  the  master  in  chancery.  When 
the  Civil.war  broke  out,  Ulysses  S.  Grant 
of  Galena  cooled  his  heels  in  the  waiting 
room  until  he  was  appointed  a  colonel  of 
volunteers. 

Wall  plaques  and  a  bulletin  board  re- 
mind visitors  that  the  chief  memories  of 
Lincoln  are  associated  with  the  present 
courtroom,  the  former  House  chamber. 
There  Lincoln  made  several  of  his  most 
famous  speeches.  There  his  body  lay  in 
state  May  3  and  4.  1865,  with  the  casket 
open  for  the  last  time  before  it  was 
taken  to  Oak  Ridge  cemetery. 

HISTORY  not  connected  with  Lincoln 
•  also  was  made  at  the  site.  From 
the  statehouse  square  in  1846  the  ill- 
fated  Donner  party  set  out  for  the  Cali- 
fornia mountain  pass  in  which  it  starved 
in  heavy  snow.  In  1921,  the  grand  jury 
indicted  Gov.  Len  Small  for  mishandling 
treasury  interest  funds,  and  Circuit 
Judge  Elbert  S.  Smith,  grandfather  of 
the  present  auditor,  propounded  the 
doctrine  that  a  governor  is  not  exempt 
from  answering  in  the  courts  for  his 
official  acts.     ' 

As  much  as  any  man,  Lincoln  was 
responsible  for  the  existence  of  the 
stone  building.  He  was  one  of  the  San- 
gamon county  representatives  who  got 
the  legislature  to  vote  in  1837  to  move 
the  capital  from  Vandalia  to  Springfield. 
The  corner  stone  was  laid  on  July  4  of 
that  year,  with  the  dedicatory  address 
being  given  by  E.  D.  Baker,  an  eloquent 
congressman,  and  1861  casualty  at  Ball's 
Bluff.  The  stone  came  from  the  Sugar 
Creek  quarry  near  the  present  Lake 
Springfield. 

In  1876,  state  officials  moved  six 
blocks  southwestward  to  a  4  million 
dollar  capitol,  the  one  still  in  use.  Sanga- 
mon county  also  found  the  old  statehouse 
inadequate  ahd  in  1899  enlarged  it  by 
adding  a  new  first  floor,  so  Jhat  the  origi- 
nal first  and  second  floors  are  now  the 
second  and  third. 


THE  STATE  will  have  a  restoration 
problem,  if  and  when  the  county 
moves  out.  It  would  be  expensive  but 
not  impossible  to  take  out  the  present 
first  floor  and  lower  the  building.  The 
county  altered  the  original  roof  and 
dome.  Old  photos  show  how  the  House 
chamber  and  other  rooms  originally  ap- 
peared. 

When  the  seat  of_  government  was 
moved  here  from  Vandalia,  Springfield 
men  subscribed  $50,000  toward  the  cost 
of  the  new  capitol,  which  had  been 
estimated  at  $120,000.  Actual  expendi- 
tures were  nearer  $240,000.  When  the 
state  moved  out,  Sangamon  county 
bought  the  square  block  in  the  center 
of  the  business  district  for  $200,000  and 
the  land  on  which  the  present  state- 
house was  built.  The  1899  remodeling 
cost  $175,000. 

With  Gov.  Green's  approval,  the  1945 
legislature  appropriated  $600,000  for 
the  purchase  of  the  property  from  the 
county  and  $668,000  for  restoration  of 
the  building  to  its  original  appearance, 
including  elimination  of  the  first  floor. 
The  money  was  never  spent,  because 
Sangamon  county  voters  in  1946  de- 
feated a  proposal  to  raise  additional 
money  needed  for  a  modern  courthouse. 

Whether  the  county  now  would  aftept 
a  higher  offer  is  problematical.  The 
voice  of  the  taxpayer  is  currently  louder 
than  that  of  the  lover  of  shrines,  and  the 
county  board  is  dominated  by  supervisors 
from  economy  minded  rural  townships. 


Oregon  Journal 
February  12,  1958 


.    The  People  Speak 

7  disapprove  of  what  you  iay,  but  I  will  defend  to  the  death  your  right  to  say  it." — 'Voltaire, 


Lincoln  and  Tullius 

To  the  Editor:  In  observing 
the  birthday  of  Abraham  Lin- 
coln, nothing  seems  to  me 
more  appropriate  than  the 
gift  offered  by  the  citizens  of 
Rome,  namely,  a  stone  from 
the  wall  built  25  centuries  ago 
by  an  ancient  king,  Servius 
Tullius.  It,  was  sent  to  the 
United  States  in  1865  by  citi- 
zens of  Rome  who  wished  to 
express  their  sympathy  with 
the  ideals  of  democracy  and 
national  unity,  which  Abra- 
ham Lincoln  represented. 

The  lives  and  ideas  of  Abra- 
ham Lincoln  and  Servius  Tul- 
lius were  similar  in  many  re- 
spects. Both  sprang  from  the 
common  people.  Both,  in  their 
official  capacity,  did  all  they 
could  to  elevate  and  improve 
the  condition  of  the  masses. 
Both  incurred  many  enemies 
vand  both  were  assassinated. 

On  June  17,  1870,  congress 
adopted  a  resolution  directing 
that  the  Servius  Tullius  stone 
be  placed  in  the  Lincoln  tomb 
at  Springfield,  111.,  and  on  Oc- 
tober 11,  1936,  it  was  unveiled 
by  Gov.  Henry  Horner,  with 
appropriate  ceremonies. 

SERVIUS  TULLIUS,  at  the 

beginning,  and  Abraham  Lin- 
coln, at  the  close,  of  that  pe- 
riod of  time  loved  the  com- 
mon people,  and  both/  were 
loved  in  turn.  In  sending  this 
stone,  Italy  paid  homage  to 
one  of  the  greatest  sons  of 
the  American  Union,  who,  in 
abolishing  slavery,  in  saving 


his  country  from  secession 
and  welding  it  into  a  union 
never  to  be  impaired,  gave  the 
best  proof  of  the  universality 
of  the  spirit  of  early  Rome. 

Meanwhile,  the  riches  of 
literature  and  the  artistic  con- 
tributions of  Italy  have  never 
ceased  to  exert  their  fasci- 
nation and  their  beneficent 
charm  on  Americans.  The 
stone  from  the  wall  of  Serv- 
ius Tullius  will  ever  remain 
a  silent  reminder  of  what  we 
and  the  world  owe  Italy. 
F.  F.  Petruzzelli, 

6104  NE  Hassalo  Street. 

What  Lincoln  Said 

To  the  Editor:  On  the  an- 
niversary of  Lincoln's  birth- 
day may  it  not  be  profitable 
to  refresh  our  memories  re- 
garding a  few  of  his  great 
thoughts? 

"You  do  not  mean  color  ex- 
actly? You  mean  the  whites 
are  intellectually  the  superior 
of  the  blacks,  and  therefore 
have  the  right  to  enslave 
them?  Take  care — by  this 
rule,  you  are  to  be  slave  to 
the  first  man  you  meet,  with 
an  intellect  superior  to  your 
own." 

"WHY  SHOULD  there  not 
be  a  patient  confidence  in  the 
ultimate  justice  of  the  people? 
Is  there  any  better  or  equal 
hope  in  the  world?" 

'As  I  would  not  be  a  slave, 
so  I  would  not  be  a  master. 
This  expresses  my  idea  of 
democracy.  Whatever  differs 


from  this  to  the  extent  of  the 
difference,  is  no  democracy." 

"Reasonable  men  have  long 
since  agreed  that  intemper- 
ance is  one  of  the  greatest,  if 
not  the  greatest,  of  all  the 
evils  of  mankind." 

"Every  man  is  said  to  have 
his  peculiar  ambition  ...  I 
can  say  for  one  that  I  have  no 
other  so  great  as  that  of  being 
esteemed  by  my  fellow  men 
by  rendering  myself  worthy 
of  their  esteem." 

"Let  every  American,  every 
lover  of  liberty,  every  well 
wisher  to  his  posterity,  swear 
by  the  blood  of  the  Revolu- 
tion, never  to  violate  in  the 
least  particular  the  laws  of 
the  country;  and  never  to 
tolerate  their  violation  by 
others." 

VICE  PRES.  Andrew  John- 
son is  protesting  to  Mr.  Lin- 
coln the  act  of  Gen.  Grant  in 
accepting  the  surrender  of 
Gen.  Robert  E.  Lee  and  in 
sending  the  Confederate  sol- 
diers to  their  homes,  along 
with  their  horses.  The  sol- 
diers should  have  been  held 
as  prisoners  of  war  and  Gen. 
Lee  should  be  held  in  con- 
finement. 

In  reply  Mr.  Lincoln  asks: 
"What  do  you  think  we'll 
gain  at  this  point,  Mr.  John- 
son, by  increasing  Gen.  Lee's 
agony  of  mind?" 

"Gen.  Lee  is  a  traitor,  sir, 
and  should  be  treated  as 
such,"  replied  Mr.  Johnson. 

This  heated  conference  be- 
tween the  two  highest-placed 
men  in  the  nation  concluded 
with  Lincoln  saying  to  John- 
son in  no  uncertain  terms: 
"You  must  stand  foot  to  foot 
with  me  against  those  mejj  in 
the  Capitol  whose  *  nostrils 
belch  revenge.  There  shall  be 
no  revenge,  Johnson.'" 

J.  W.  Reed, 
5300   SE   Ivon  Street. 


I 


Chicago  Sun-Times 
February  13,   1958 


Urges  U,S.  Follow 
Lincoln's  Example 


By  Tom  Littlewood 

Sun-Tunes  Bureau 
SPRINGFIELD— At  the  tomb 
of  Abraham  Lincoln,  the  na- 
tional commander  of  the  Amer 
ican  Legion  said  the  United 
States  must  '"nobly  save"  free- 
dom without  accepting  peaceful 
coexistence  in  a  divided  world. 

Lincoln  pointed  the  way  this 
nation  must  travel  to  save  hu- 
man freedom,  declared  the  le- 
gion leader,  John  S.  Gleason  Jr. 
of  Chicago. 

Gleason  said  a  note  of  prom- 


ise based  on  strength,  not  weak- 
ness must  be  sounded  to  repeat 
Lincoln's  words  that: 

"I  do  not  expect  the  house  [di- 
vided against  itself]  to  fall — but 
I  do  expect  it  will  cease  to  be 
divided." 

'Peace'  At  Any  Time 

The  annual  pilgrimage  of 
Legionnaires  from  throughout 
(he  nation  to  Lincoln's  tomb 
featured  ceremonies  here 
Wednesday. 

"We  can  have  'peace'  at  any 
time — on  Communist  terms," 
Gleason  said. 

"Those  terms  would  make 
inevitable  the  yoke  of  slavery 
for  every  human  neck.  Yet 
there  are  many  here  and  abroad 
who  would  lead  us  down  the 
road  of  appeasement  with  com- 
munism. I  ask  you,  how  can 
you  exist  with  those  who  don't 
want  you  to  exist? 

Honor   Missing 

"You  can't  do  business  with 
communism.  There  is  a  vital 
element  missing — and  always 
will  be  missing — at  all  of  Soviet 
Russia's  conference  tables.  That 
element  is  moral  integrity — the 
word  of  honor." 

Gleason  quoted  Lincoln's  re- 
marks to  Congress  in  1862, 
which  he  said  are  relevant  to- 
day: 

"The  dogmas  of  the  quiet  past 
are  inadequate  to  the  stormy 
present.  The  occasion  is  piled 
high  with  difficulty  and  we  must 
rise  with  the  occasion. 

"As  our  case  is  new,  so  we 
must  think  anew  and  act  anew. 
We   must,  disenthrall   ourselves. 


Wreath  from  President  Eisenhower  was  placed  on  Lincoln's 
tomb  in  Springfield  by  Col.  Richard  D.  Boerem.  Gov. 
Stratton  participates  in  ceremony  commemorating  149th 
anniversary  of  Abraham   Lincoln's  birth.    (UP  Telephoto) 


and    then 
country." 


we    shall    save    our 


Lincoln  Motto 
To  Guide  Daley 

Mayor  Daley  has  a  new  motto 
to  guide  him  "in  his  conduct 
of  city  affairs — a  statement  by 
Abraham   Lincoln. 

The  ma>  or  disclosed,  on  Lin- 
coln's Birthday  Wednesday,  that 
he  has '  had  the  quotation  in- 
scribed on  a  plaque  which  he 
will  keep  in  his  office. 

It  reads  as  follows: 

"I  believe  that  a  man  should 
be  proud  of  the  city  in  which 
he  lives  and  that   he  should  so 


live  that  his  city  will  be  proud 
that  he  lives  in  it." 

Daley  said  he  did  not  recall 
when  Lincoln  made  the  state- 
ment but,  he  added,  "those 
words  are  as  true  now  as  they 
were  then." 

Asked  if,  as  a  Democrat,  he 
had  any  reservations  about  the 
first  GOP  President,  Daley  re- 
plied: 

"Many  people  forget  that  he 
was  re-elected  President  on  a 
Union  ticket.  He  had  no  more 
bitter  critics  than  in  his  own 
party.  Lincoln  was  a  man  who 
rose  above  party.  He  belongs  to 
all  the  people  and  not  to  any 
one  party." 

Asked  if  he  would  like  to  rise 
above  his  party,  Daley  said:  "I 
am  mayor  of  all  the  people.  1 
place  the  city's  welfare  first." 


Chicago  laily  Tribune 
February  13,    1958 


LINGOLN  TOMB 

CEREMONY  LED 

BY  STRATTON 

Ike  Sends  Wreath  for 
Birthday  Rites 

(Picture  on  back  page) 
[Chicago   Tribune   Press   Service] 

Springfield,  111.,  Feb.  12— 
At  the  tomb  of  Abraham 
Lincoln,  Gov.  Stratton,  and 
John  S.  Gleason  Jr.,  national 
commander  of  the  American 
Legion,  said  today  that  the 
preservation  of  human  free- 
dom still  is  America's  essen- 
tial task. 

A  wreath  sent  by  President 
Eisenhower  was  placed  above 
the  grave  of  the  Civil  war 
President  as  American  Legion 
officials  made  their  24th  an- 
nual pilgrimage  t6  Oak  Ridge 
cemetery  on  the  anniversary 
of  Lincoln's  birth. 

Visit  Lincoln  Home 

Over  snowless  streets  in 
bitter  cold,  townspeople 
joined  tourists  in  visiting  the 
tomb  and  the  frame  house 
where  Lincoln  lived  at  the 
time  he  was  elected  to  the 
Presidency. 

Stratton,  in  a  broadcast  cere- 
mony at  the  cemetery,  said 
the  nation  must  "defend  if, 
necessary  with  the  blood  of 
its  young  people "  the  free- 
dom which  exists  now  because 
of  Lincoln's  leadership.  'In- 
dividual dedication  to  freedom 
is  more  important  than  armed 
might,  the  governor  said. 

Warning  against  appease- 
ment of  Russia,  Gleason  said 
the  United  States  must  adhere 
to  its  fundamental  beliefs  and 
not  accept  peace  on  commu- 
nist terms.  The  durability  of 
the  American  form  of  free 
government  is  still  the  un- 
settled issue,  Gleason  said, 
adding  that  "in  the  95  years 
since  Gettysburg  we  have 
graduated  from  the  plight  of 
a  divided  nation  to  that  of  a 
united  nation  in  a  divided 
world,".    ._ 


"Lincoln  had  his  sputnik 
scares,  his  alarmists,  and  (his 
appeasers  in  his  day,"  Gleason 
said.  "  When  the  South  start- 
ed to  armor-piate  the  Merri- 
mac,  alarming  rumors  swept 
the  North.  Alarmists  cried  that 
Washington  would  be  bom- 
barded, New  York  City  put 
under  tribute,  the  government 
put  in  flight,  the  blockade 
broken,  and  there  would  be 
no  defense  against  the  new 
monster  of  war. 

Rejects    Compromise 

11  Lincoln  refused  to  be  stam- 
peded. He  ordered  work  start- 
ed on  the  Monitor  which 
ended  the  career  of  the  Mer- 
rimac.  Neither  would  he  yield 
to  those  who  made  overtures 
to  end  the  war  by  compromise 
of  the  principles  for  which  he 
believed  the  nation  was  to 
fight.  He  nobly  saved  the 
cause  of  freedom  by  fighting 
thru  to  victory." 

The  wreath  from  President 
Eisenhower  was  placed  on  the 
tomb  by  Col.  Richard  D. 
Boerem  of  the  Illinois  nation- 
al guard. 

U.  of  I.  Opens  Exhibit 

Champaign,  111.,  Feb.  12  UP) 
—  Manuscripts  and  printed 
materials,  including  original 
letters  of  six  former  American 
Presidents,  went  on  display  at 
the  University  of  Illinois  li- 
brary for  a  month  today  — 
Lincoln's  -birthday. 

The  exhibit,  "  The  Great  De- 
bate —  Lincoln  vs.  Douglas, 
1854-1861,  was  selected  from 
the  collection  of  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Philip  D.  Sang  of  Chicago  and 
from  the  University  of  Illinois' 
Lincoln  materials.  Among  66 
items  on  display-  are  letters 
from  former  Presidents  Pierce, 
T  y  I  e  »,  Fillmore,  Buchanan, 
Johnson,  and  Lincoln. 


Tribute  from  the  President 


i> 


8  C>    !:-.. 


>«  f;vi; 


;  I (-'  ! 


m  ii^. 


Maj.  Gen.  John  G.  Van  Houten,  commander  of  Washington 
military  district,  is  dwarfed  by  the  statue  of  Abraham  Lincoln 
as  he  places  President  Eisenhower's  wreath  at  its  base  in 
Lincoln  memorial.  [Associated  Press  Wircphoto] 


MEAD,   LABKIN 


SPRIiJGFIELD.    ILLINOIS 


V    j**^ 


ogress  In  ReitSdeling  Lincoln  Monument 


LincoTnShrine 

Remodeling  Is 
Difficult   Task\ 


The  time  will  come  when  the  re- 
mains of  Abraham  Lincoln  will  repose 
in  a  sarcophagus  lor  public  view. 

This  is  the  opinion  of  Herbert  Wells 
Fay,  custodian  of  Lincoln  monument, 
and  of  thousands  who  make  an  an- 
imal pilgrimage  to  the  tomb  of  the 
great  emancipator.  They  believe  the 
body  should  rest  above  the  ground 
and"  not  beneath  ions  of  rock  and 
H|  concrete  as  at  present. 

The    monument    in    Oak    Ridge    i< 
being  reconstructed  by  the  state.    The 
project   was  brought  about   by   Gov-  . 
ernor   Louis  L.  Emmerson    who   ap- 
*j  proved  the  plans.    But  when  the  work  ' 
was    under    consideration,    there    was  J 
ij  no    suggestion    to    remove    the    body 
nil. from  its  present  position  and  there  is 
no   indication  that   this  will    be   done 
in  the  present  decade. 

"I  believe  that  the  time  will  come 

I  when    public   sentiment    will    demand 

I  that    the    body    of    Mr.    Lincoln    be 

J  placed    In    a    sarcophagus    tor    public 

view,"   Mr.   Fay   said.      'Persons   who 

visit  the  tomb  from  all  parts  of  the  i 

country  openly  express  this  opinion." 

Work  of  remodeling  the  monument 
is  progressing.  The  contract  provides 
for  its  completion  in  four  months, 
but  indications  are  that  a  longer 
period  may  be  required  to  finish  the 
task.  The  contract  for  the  work  was 
let  to  English  Brothers,  Champaign. 
W.  S.  Long,  superintendent,  says  that 
although  the  elements  have  damaged 
the  shaft  to  some  extent,  workmen 
find    the    job   of   removing    the   con- 


v  (Continued  on  Page  2,  Column  4) 


.. 


jfakMfei  -■ 


—xK^^vass^-i^,^ 


■    • 


jras 


I  Hfeis* 


■>:-  ■  .  ..-  SB 


.  Photos     by     SLite     Journal     Staff     Photographer 

1 — Statue  QlJLjujiyhi.  removed  from  the  monument  to  permit  workmen  to  bepin  work  on  shaft. 
2 — Artillery  group,  also  removed  from  tower,  and  with  statue  of  Lincoln  occupies  place  on  ground  near  monume; ' 
3 — Custodian  Herbert  W.  Fay  standing  on  concrete  covering  over  body  ot  Lincoln. 
4 — Excavation  work  in  progress  in  north  room  of  monument. 
5 — Cranes  used  for  removing  heavy  masonry. 

6 — Lincoln  monument  and  Custodian  Fay  standing  near  sarcophague  which  contained  remains  of  Lincoln  for  tv, 
years  and  from  which  an  effort  was  made  to  steal  body  of  the  emancipator.  ^ 


Original  Drawing  of  Lincoln  Tomb  Plan 


r 


— 3T~ 

*> 

,e 

^ 

* 

&$ 

'■'V  ■ 

£~i 

n 

f  s :  ■  If 

fc*. 

'"**                                                    ■'    : 

IT" 


TO?  A*. .HXttSIIT  WJ  FKET,  BASE  17' FEET,        ^ 

1 1  CBre<zti&g  at  Oak  B-idg-e,) 

Picture  above  is  the  original  drawing  of  Architect  Larkin  Mead  for 
the  Lincoln  tomb.  It  was  submitted  in  competition  with  other  archi- 
tectural plans  for  the  tomb  and  was  used  on  postcards  which  were  sold 
throughout  the  country  to  raise  funds  for  construction  of  the  monument. 
While  the  general  plan  was  followed,  the  lines  of  the  tomb  were  chan^ 
somewhat  from  the  original  drawing. 


^  ILLINOIS  K 


"THY  WONDROUS  STORY" 


fly  JOHN  HOWARD  TODD.  A.  B    (Mcmiv  lllinoi,  Siai,  Historical  Society) 

THE  MONUMENT  TO  ABRAHAM  LINCOLN 

N  THE  presence  of  President  Ulysses  S.  Graut,  Vice  President  Heury  Wilson 

aud  30,000  other  spectators,  Mother  Josephu  and  Sister  Rachel,  two  nuns  of 

Jacksonville,  unveiled  the  statue  of  Abraham  Lincoln  at  the  dedication  of 
i-1  the  national  Lincoln  monument  at  Springfield  on  Oct.  15,  1874.  As  the  veil 
of  red  and  white  silk  fell  away  the  throng  looked  on  in  fitting  silence  aud  u  choir 
sang  "Rest,  Spirit,  Kest." 

The  original  cost  of  the  monument  was  more  than  $200,000.  Of  this  sum 
the  State  of  Illinois  appropriated  $77,000,  New  York  $10,000,  Missouri  $1,000 
and  Nevada  $500.  Sixty  thousand  Sunday  school  children  in  all  parts  of  the 
Union  contributed  $20,000,  soldiers  and  sailors  of  the  Union  gave  $27,000,  negro 
soldiers  contributed  $8,000,  aod  the  rest  came  from  secular  schools,  from 
churches,  benevolent  societies  and  individuals. 

The  monument  is  located  on  a  beautiful  knoll  in  a  park  of  nine  acres  ad- 
joining and  overlooking  Oak  Ridge  Cemetery.  The  base  and  shaft  are  of  granite 
from  Massachusetts  quarries,  the  latter  rising  to  a  height  of  125  feet  above 
ground.  The  work  of  building  began  In  the  autumn  of  1860  under  the  auspices 
of  the  Lincoln  Monument  Association,  which  was  formed  May  11,  1865,  less  than 
a  mouth  after  Mr.  Lincoln  was  assassinated. 

Hlchard  J.  Oglesby,  then  United  States  senator,  delivered  the  dedicatory 
oration.  President  Grant  spoke  briefly,  and  an  original  poem  by  James  Judson 
Lord  of  Springfield  was  read  by  Professor  Richard  Edwards.  Short  addresses 
were  made  by  Vice  President  Henry  Wilson,  Usher  F.  Llnder,  General  W.  T. 
Sherman  and.  Schuyler  Colfax,  Vice  President  during  General  Grant's  first  term, 
Larkln  G.  Mead  Jr.,  an  American  sculptor,  who  designed  the  monument,  was 
called  out,  bowed  his  acknowledgments  and  retired  amid  the  applause  of  the 
spectators.     Governor  John  M.  Palmer  presided. 

The  features  of  the  monument  are  the  memorial  hall  containing  interesting 
relics,  the  catacomb  containing  the  bodies  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Lincoln  and  their  sons, 
a  bronze  statue  of  the  martyred  President  and  four  groups  of  statuary  repre- 
senting Infantry,  cavalry,  artillery  and  navy. 

By  act  of  May  18,  1895,  the  monument  was  transferred  from  the  association 
which  built  It  to  the  state.  The  monument  at  that  time  was  in  bad  condition  and 
In  danger  of  falling  to  pieces.  The  foundation  had  settled  unequally  and  there 
were  ugly  cracks  In  the  walls  and  floors,  made  by  alternate  rains  and  frosts. 

Upon  the  urgent  recommendation  of  Governor  John  R.  Tanner  the  legisla- 
ture, lu  the  spring  of  1899,  appropriated  $100,000  to  raze  the  monument,  sink  its 
foundation  to  solid  rock  and  rebuild  it  on  the  original  lines.  This  work  began 
Nov.  11,  1899,  and  during  Its  progress  the  bodies  of  President  Lincoln  and  his 
family  were  safeguarded  In  a  temporary  vault  near  by.  The  work  of  rebuilding 
was  completed  June  1,  1901.  The  body  of  President  Lincoln  now  lies  in  a 
cemented  vault  beneath  the  floor  of  the  catacomb,  secure  from  the  type  of 
vandals  who  once  tried  to  steal  It. 

The  state  maintains  on  the  grounds  a  custodian's  cottage.  It  is  the  duty  of 
the  custodian  to  have  immediate  care  of  the  monument  and  surrounding  park 
and  to  receive  the  thousands  of  pilgrims  who  come  yearly  to  pay  their  respects 
to  the  memory  of  Abraham  Lincoln.  The  custodian  receives  a  salary  of  $1,200. 
The  trustees  are,  ex  officio,  the  governor,  the  superintendent  of  public  instruction 
and  the  state  treasurer.  .  (288.] 


CRATING  THE  STATUARY  of  the  Lincoln  monument  for  safe 
keeping  during  the  period  of  construction  work. 

(State  Register  Photo) 


r 


HE  SUltVIVORS  OF  THE  ARMIES  OF  THE  UNION  GATHER  AT  TIIF  TOMB  OF  "FATHER  ABRAHAM'1 

THE  G.  A.  R., 
Meeting  foi   the  First  Time  in  Springfield.  Ill-,  Holds  Memorial  Ceremonies  at  the  Grave  of  Abraham  Lincoln. 

(Herbert  Georg  Studio,  i 


/\A«d^e 


The  great  host  of  visitors  ^\ho  are 
visiting:  the  Abraham  Lincoln  monu- 
ment in  Springfield,  111.,  these  days 
and  the  attention  it  is  receiving  be- 
tween Feb.  12,  his  birthday,  and  the 
anniversary  of  his  death  in  April,  re- 
calls the  fact  that  a  Chicopee  firm, 
the  Ames  Manufacturing:  Company, 
started  with  Springfield  capital  in  the 
days  when  Cabotville  was  a  part  of 
Springfield,    cast    the    statue. 

It  was  in  February,  1871,  that  an- 
nouncement was  made  that  the  Ames 
Company  had  the  award  for  making 
the  statue  of  Lincoln  after  a  model 
sent  from  Florence  by  Larkin  G. 
Mead,  the  sculptor,  to  be  placed  on 
the  monument  erected  by  the  Lin- 
coln National  Monument  Association 
at  Springfield,  111.  The  statue  sur- 
mounting the  majestic  monument  of 
granite  is  12 \'z  feet  high  and  repre- 
sents Lincoln  with  the  Emancipa- 
tion Proclamation  extended  in  his 
hands. 

The  statue  was  completed  in  the 
summer  of  1872,  but  it  was  not  until 
Oct.  15,  1874,  that  the  monument 
with  its  statue,  declared  to  be  the 
finest  of  Lincoln  ever  executed,  was 
dedicated  in  the  presence  of  Gen. 
Grant,  Gov.  R.  J.  Ogles  by  and  other 
distinguished  military  and  civic  lead- 
ers. 

The  Ames  Company  also  cast  the 
equestrian  statue  of  Washington  in 
Boston  it  is  interesting  to  recall  on 
this    Washington    Bicentennial. 


C<.r^.  _i  _     v.  .  .,i  |( 


PRESIDENT  TO  RE-DEDICATE  LINCOLN  TOMB 


Reconstructed  at  a  cost  of  $170,000  by  the  stale  of  Illinois,  the  tomb  oC  Abraham  Lincoln  will 
be  re-dedicated  by  President  Hoover  at  Springfield,  111.,  June  17.  A  copy  of  the  statue  in  the  Lincoln 
memorial  in  Washington  has  been   placed  in  the  rotunda  of  the  tomb. 


■•H*"-*-- 


I  I 


Lincoln  Statue  at 
the  State  House 
Draws  Paper* s  Attack 

Springfield,  111.,  April  23.— [U.  P.]— 
The  controversy  over  the  statue  of 
Abraham  Lincoln  that  stands  at  the 
entrance  of  the  state  capitol  grounds 
flamed  anew  today  with  an  editorial 
demand  by  the  Illinois  State  Journal 
that  it  be  relocated  in  a  less  con- 
spicuous place  or  destroyed.  The  edi- 
torial remarks: 

"  Suggestion  is  made  that  the  Lin- 
coln statue  on  the  approach  to  the 
state  house  be  removed  to  another 
location  on  the  grounds.  A  more  sensi- 
ble proposal  suggests  decapitation  of 
the  statue,  preservation  of  the  won- 
derful head,  and  junking  the  body. 

"  The  proposal  to  move  the  statue 
is  urged  because  it  is  so  placed  that 
it  breaks  the  approach  and  detracts 
from  its  impressiveness.  The  statue 
does  worse.  It  affronts  visitors.  En- 
countering it  for  the  first  time  and 
in  the  absence  of  explanations,  they 
get  from  it  an  impression  that  it  is  a 
caricature  of  Lincoln.  Even  when  it 
is  explained  that  the  misshapen  legs 
and  paralytic  arm  are  but  symbols, 
supposed  to  suggest  Lincoln's  humility 
or  something  of  the  sort,  the  statue 
offends." 


No.  14.    THE  EMANCIPATOR   BY   LARKIN  GOLDSMITH   MEAD 


1 


ft/2? 


i&f  jturoii 


REMEMBER   THIS    UNIQUE   SETTING    FOR   LINCOLN   TOMB   STATUARY? 

During  the  reconstruction  of  the  Lincoln  Monument  in  1900-1901,  the  bodies  of 
JVIr.  Lincoln  and  members  of  his  family  were  moved  to  a  temporary  resting  place 
on  the  hillside  to  the  northeast.  Meanwhile  the  bronze  figure  of  Lincoln  which 
stood  directly  against  the  south  side  of  the  shaft, 
was  placed   in  a  boarded   enclosure  near-by,   to- 


gether with  the  coat  of  arms  and  the  four 
statuary  groups.  .  .  .  This  interesting  old  picture, 
probably  taken  by  the  late  Guy  Mathis,  shows 
the  unique  appearing  which  the  various  figures 
presented  in  that  setting.  The  door  at  the  right 
end  of  the  enclosure  gives  an  idea  of  the  size  of 
this  statuary  when  brought  down  to  terra  firma! 
.  .  .  Mr.  Lincoln,  of  course,  towers  above  all  the 
rest.       In    this    bronze    form,    the    Great    Eman- 


cipator seems  to  be  scanning  the  horizon,  look- 
ing toward  the  old  home  town  in  the  distance,  or 
perhaps  admiring  the  beauty  of  the  landscape  at 
old  Oak  Ridge!  .  .  .  The  four  historic  statuary 
groups,  as  close  scrutiny  will  prove,  were  all 
there  but  in  very  undignified  positions,  while  in 
the  rear  the  tall  muzzle  of  a  Civil  War  cannon 
rears  its  head  straight  up.  ...  A  year  or  more 
was  required  for  the  rebuilding  of  the  Monu- 
ment at  that  time,  during  which  this  enclosuue 
was  guarded  along  with  the  temporary  resting 
place  of  the   Lincoln   bodies. 


And  Money— As  Advertised  In  The  Illinoi 


Y 


.  i 


■'. 


• 


Springfield,  111.,  Monument 
Still  in  Course  of  Repairs 
Necessitated  byCrumbling 

Liberator's  Coffin  Moved 


Resting  Place   Is   Sealed   in 
Concrete-Steel  Boulder 

By  The  Associated  Press 

SPRINGFIELD,  111.,  Feb.  7. — Perma- 
nency finally  Is' being  assured  the  tomb 
of  Abraham  Lincoln  with  the  rebuild- 
ing of  the  monument  which  towers 
above  his  grave  here.  The  burial  place 
will  be  rededlcated  February  12,  the 
122d  anniversary  of  his  birth. 

Rebuilding  of  the  vshaft  was  deter- 
mined upon  two  years  ago,  when  crum- 
bling bricks  and  stone  threatened  Its 
existence.  Reconstruction  of  the  Interior 
was  also  ordered.  Work  began  almost 
a  year  ago,  and  will  not  be  finished 
for  several  months. 

'  Visitors  who  formerly  peered  through 
grated  windows  Into  a  dimly  lighted 
chamber  now  may  enter  the  sarcopha- 
gus chamber,  but  the  coffin  Itself  it 
sealed  In  a  boulder  of  concrete  and 
steel,  resting  ten  feet  below(  the  monu- 
ment. ' 

Almost    from    the  '  day    the    funeral 
cortege    reached    Springfield,    sixty-five 
years  ago,  an  air  of  mystery   and  awe 
settled  on  the  Lincoln  burial  place. 
Attempt  Made  to  Steal  Body 

Both  Chicago  and  Springfield  desired 
the  martyred  President  to  be  burled 
within  their  limits.  Mrs.  Lincoln  chose 
a  quiet  spot  outside  Springfield.  Five 
years  after  a  permanent  tomb  was  pre- 
pared, In  1876,  two  Chicago  criminals 
sought  to  steal  the  body  and  hold  It 
tuu  laxiov/m.  xney  scrccc«?cretr~iiv  partly 
removing  the  coffin  before  an  alarm 
was  sounded. 

A  guard  thereafter  watched  beside 
the  tomb  after  the  coffin  had  been 
secreted  In  another  part  of  the  burial 
place.  Lincoln's  body  was  exhumed  in 
1886  and  placed  In  a  catacomb,  but 
this  was  abandoned  in  1899  and  the 
present  shaft  built  In  1901.  Robert 
Lincoln,  a  son,  provided  funds. 


Washington  Slnine  Nation's  Gift 
Of  the  many  hundreds,  and  even 
thousands  of  Lincoln  memorials  In 
existence  today  in  the  form  of  build- 
ings and  shrines,  monument,  statuary, 
museums  and  collections  of  Lincoln 
mementoes  and  souvenirs,  books, 
libraries  and  pictorial  representations 
extending  even  Into  the  field  of  motion 
pictures,  none  perhaps  Is  more  notable 
than  the  greatest  shrine  of  the  Eman- 
cipator at  Washington,  the  Lincoln 
Memorial. 

Impressive  In  Its  simplicity,  the  gift 
of  the  nation  to  his  memory,  the 
memorial  Is  generally  considered  to  be 
the  masterpiece  of  all  the  public  build- 
ings and  memorials  In  the  United 
States.  It  stands  in  Potomac  Park, 
lacing  the  Washington  Monument.  Its 
construction  was  begun  on  Lincoln's 
birthday  anniversary  in  1914.  The  cost 
was  approximately  $3,900,000. 
The     memorial     comprises     a     large 


rectangular  building  of  white  marble 
designed  by  Henry  Bacon,  New  York 
architect.  It  has  a  beautiful  setting 
on  the  direct  east  and  west  line  with 
the  Washington  Monument  and  the 
nation's  Capitol,  and  rises  144  feet 
above  the  level  of  the  park.  It  includes 
four  principal  features — a  statue  of 
the  man  by  Daniel  Chester  French,  a 
memorial  of  his  Gettysburg  address,  a 
memorial  of  his  second  inaugural  ad- 
dress and  a  symbol  of  the  union  of 
the  states. 
Springfield  May  Get  Famed  Models 
At  Springfield,  111.,  it  Is  proposed  that 
the  tomb  of  Lincoln  be  ornamented  by 
original  bronze  models  of  ten  of  the 
most  famous  statues  of  the  great 
Emancipator.  This  project,  it  Is  ex- 
pected, soon  will  be  carried  out.  It 
was  the  suggestion  of  James  Booton, 
of  the  state  architect's  office.  Among 
those  represented  will  be  Saint  Gau- 
dens's  famous  statue  In  Lincoln  Park, 
Chicago;  the  Daniel  Chester  French 
statue  In  Lincoln,  Neb.,  and  Lorado 
Taft's  statue  In  Urbana,  111.  The  tomb 
at  Springfield  is  being  enlarged  at  an 
expense  In  excess  of  $20,000.  The  mon- 
ument will  be  enlarged  and  a  passage 
added  to  the  sarcophagus. 

Construction  of  a  memorial  In  honor 
of  Lincoln  and  his  mother,  Nancy 
Hanks     Lincoln,     on     the     old     family 


homestead  near  Lincoln  City,  Ind., 
waits  on  the  passage  of  an  act  by  the 
General  Assembly  of  the  state.  The  In- 
diana Lincoln  Union,  organized  four 
years  ago,  raised  sufficient  money 
through  gifts  to  enlarge  the  memorial 
park  to  360  acres,  Including  the  former 
Lincoln  farm.  The  legislative  commit- 
tee of  the  Lincoln  Union  recommended 
that  the  General  Assembly  place  0.4 
cent  tax  on  each  $100  In  taxables  over 
a  two-year  period,  which  it  Is  hoped 
will  produce  $400,000  to  be  spent  on 
the  memorial  building.  Bedford  stone 
will  be  used  throughout  the  structure, 
which  will  be  140  feet  by  60  feet  with 
a  tower  rising  160  feet.  The  structure 
will  house  a  Lincoln  museum. 

The  cabin  where  Lincoln  was  born, 
near  Hodgenvllle,  Ky.,  Is  enshrined  in 
a  granite  temple,  and  belongs  to  the 
United  States  government.  There  Is 
also  a  memorial  to  his  mother  In  the 
form  of  a  log  cabin  at  her  birthplace 
near  Burlington,   W.  Va. 

Other  famous  Lincoln  memorials  in- 
clude the  Saint  Gaudens  statue  at  Lin- 
coln Park,  Chicago;  the  statue  on  the 
State  House  grounds  in  Springfield. 
111.,  by  Andrew  O'Connor;  the  Lincoln 
Home  in  Springfield,  where  he  lived 
from  1848  to  1861,  and  the  Daniel  Ches- 
ter French  statue  on  tho  grounds  of 
(he  state  capltol  In  Lincoln,  Neb. 


VWtVWf  WH^JMmti!  WW 

T  iffft'T'i  >' 

A  GBBAT  DAT  ?OB    TBB    LINCOLN  MONCMBNT  AB80- 

.   ,  CUTIOH— A  LONG  PBOCS&8ION,  IN  WRJOU   tUKBl- 

-•    PKMT  GRANT,  BECRBTART  BELKNAP,  GEN.   8HKB- 

l     MAN,   AND   OTHKB  ©IflTpJGCUWBO  GUB8TS  TASK 

*ART-THB  MONTJWrj  WWLBp  WTJH  WW)*- 

ING  CJEBEMONIB8.  '  ' 

Smungfikld,  HI..  Oct  15.-To-day  wu  the  great 
day  of  the  centnry  for  the  Lincoln  Monument  Asso- 
ciation. The  statue  of  the  martyr  President,  by 
Meade.  WM  to  be  un vailed.  Tbe  President,  the 
Vioe-PresideDt,  tbe  Secretary  of  War,  and  other 
Cabinet  officers,  with  generals  of  tbe  army,  were 
present.  Tbe  Society  of  the  Army  of  the  Tennessee, 
Gen.  Sherman,  President,  was  to  take  part  in  the 
proceedings,  and  Springfield,  always  awake  to  Boy 
patriotic  eaoee,  was  more  than  usually  alive  on  this 
occasion.  Tbe  Society  of  the  Army  of  the  Tennessee 
asamnhled  this  morning,  and  selected  Des  Moines, 
Iowa,  as  the  place  for  the  next  meeting,  which  will 
be  held  Sept.  20  and  30,  1875.  Gen.  Thomas  C. 
Fletcher  of  Maine  was  elected  orator.  The  Society 
then  adjourned  to  participate  in  tbe  ceremonies  of 
thennvailingoi  the  Lincoln  etaftje  at  Oak,  «idge 
Cemetery. 

Tbe  procession  began  to  form  at  11  o'clock,  Gov. 
Beveridsre  acting  as  Grand  Marshal.    President 
Grant,  with  Secretary  Belknap,  occupied  a  carriage 
at  the  bead  of  the  procession,  preceded  by  the  mili- 
tary band  from  Newport  Barracks,  and  escorted  by 
the  Governor's  Guards,  a  military  organization  of 
this  city,  as  a  guard  of  honor.   Next  came  the  fiev. 
Dr.  Bale,  to  old  friend  of  President  Lincoln,  and 
'  Bishop  Wayman  (colored),  and  in  tbe  other  carriages 
rode  Vice-President  Wilson  with  Sir  J.  Powell  Bux- 
ton, M.  P.,  and  W.  G.  Porater,  M.  P.,  of  England;  Gens. 
McDowell  and  Custer,  and  tbe  Son.  J.  K.  Dubois, 
with  Mrs;  Grant  and  Mrs.  Gov.  Beveridge.   Gen. 
Sherman  marched  on  foot  at  tbe  bead  of  tbe  Society 
of  tbe  Army  of  the  Tennessee,  and  following  him 
was  ft  long  line  of  army,  military,  and  civil  societies. 
Next  to   the    carnages    containing  the  members 
of  the  Lincoln  Monument  Association  came  tbe  car- 
riages in  which  were  Boot  T.  Lincoln,  only  surviv- 
ing son  of  the  deceased  President.  Mr.L.  L.Smith, 
sister  of  Mr.  Lincoln,  and  other  relations.   Mrs.  Lin- 
coln was  unable  to  be  present,  as  she  is  quite  ill  at 
be' residence  in  Chicago.    Among  tbe  notable  per- 
sons, present  were  ex-Secretary  Borie,  ex-Gov.  Noyes 
of  Ohio,  Gen.  John  Pope,  Gen.  McDowell,  Gen. 
Grierson,  Gen.  Wolcott,  Gen.  Ekin,   with  many 
Others. 

TflE  CEBEMONIES. 

Springfield,  Oct.  14.— The  procession  ar- 
rived at  the  cemetery  at  1  o'clock.  Not  less  than  'J6.000 
persons  were  present.  Alter  tbe  playing  of  tbe  Dead 
March  by  the  band,  Bishop  Wyman  made  a  fervent 
and  eloquent  prayer,  and  a  choir  of  singers  chanted 
"  With  malice  toward  none;  with  charity  for  all."  Tbe 
Bon.  Jesse  K.  Dubois  then  read  an  historical  sketch  of 
the  Lincoln  Monument  Association  and  the  result  of  its 
labors,  concluding  as  follows : 

By  tbe  liberal  contributions  of  a  grateful  nation  we 
have  been  enabled  to  provide  a  suitable  piaoe  for  tbe 
remains  of  the  wisest  and  purest  of  men  known  to  our 
aaUoim hjetory.   Tuere ma* fbsf rotUj Pe*<-v« 


SBNATOB  OGLESBY'S  OBATION. 

After  music  from  the  band  ex-Gov.  Ogleeby  of  Illinois 
stepped  tor  wars,  and  was  greeted  with  cbeers.  Be  pro- 
eeeded  to  deliver  the  oration.  It  was  an  eloquent  trib- 
ute to  tbe  memory  of  the  dead  President,  giving  a  faith- 
ful sketch  of  his  public  life  and  services,  noting  I  be  most 
striking  event!  of  We  AdmwlstrsUon.  sad  concluding  a» 
follows :     <<,*;'*•  l-GJPJWWyHW! 

If  history  shall  become  ungrateful,  and  moral  obliga- 
tions cease  to  respond  to  (be  calls  of  justice  and  patriot- 
ism in  that  race  to  which  he  was  born  bis  fame  will  still 
be  aafer,Anotber  race  of-  forty  millions,  with  their 
countless  descendants  of  free-born  children,  holding  bis 


I3£WsVf^I^f^^ 


,  Tbe  com- 
mencement of  his  second  term  as  Fresident  of  tbe 
United  States  and  the  close  of  the  Rebellion  came 
closely  together.  I  do  not  know  that  the  time  or  place 
is  fitting  for  an  examination  of  the  course  likely  to  have 


i  known  as  reconstruction.    It  la  true  to  say,  from  the 


fldenoe  in  him— a  confidence  perhaps 


considered  and  seriously 
lave  met  with  favor,  and 


f^rW:Sv^xf<7^^ 


Be  was  a  merciful  and  forgiving  man.  Be  promptly 
ratified  the  generous  terms  of  surrenner  dictated  to  the 
armies  of  tbe I  Rebellion  by  bis  humane  and  victorious 


!■>■'  ,V.^T*s^MT'f>BCTr^if^>*Mn M.wYi 


property  rights,  the  right  to  vote  to  all,  with  certai 
specified  exceptions  as  to  tbe  classes  who  bad  been  in 
rebellion  and|would  subscribe  an  oatb  to  support  the  Con. 
solution  of  tbe  United  States  and  tbe  Union  thereunder, 


tbe  war,  but  now  that  peace  bad  come  by  surrender  and 
not  by  compromise,  as  in  1801,  the  aotual  Rebellion  had 
released  him  from  the  policy  of  leaving  Slavery  to  tbe 
States,  and  in  time  allowed  bun  to  move  forward  to 
emancipation.  So,  In  1865,  compulsory  submission 
would  have  released  blm  from  the  terms  proposed  in 
1863,  and  permitted  htm  to  move  forward  to  higher  and 
broader  ground. 

In  addition  to  tbe  great  facts  that  tbe  circumstances 
of  the  white  and  colored  population  bad  at  tbe  close  of 
tbe  war  entirely  changed,  and  tbe  glimpses  on  several 
oocaalons  given  of  a  purpose  on  *»**  *""*•  *~  «•»»»  - 
moat  enlightened  end  ubeaal  polio 
reunite  the  country  upon  a  just  and  enduring  basis, 
stood  the  great  fact  that  in  isei  be  had  saia  he  bad 
rather  be  assassinated  than  surrender  tbe  sentiment  iu 


ftmfrirK '  h  M.r  \\  VMntmiMwiR. 


which  that  principle  bad  been  aaved,  and  for  the  first 


vored  any , 

bad  laid  down  their  arms  against  tbe  Govern- 
ment or  those  wbo  bad  used  them  in  its 
preservation,  the  fullest  right  implied  and  covered  by 
the  broad  declaration  that  all  men  are  equal.  Who  shall 
forget  tbat  memorable  scene  iu  the  City  of  Richmond, 
which  ought  to  be  cherished  and  perpetuated  forever  as 
a  part  of  the  history  of  the  closing  days  of  the  nnhappy 
strife,  where  the  gnat  and  good  man,  his  heart  swelling 
with  modest  pride,  leading  bis  little  son  by  the  band 
through  the  deserted  streets  of  the  once  proud-  capital 
of  treason,  and  beholding  once  more  tbe  flag  of  his  coun- 
try, in  place  of  a  strange  and  usurping  one,  restored  lo 
its  rightful  dominion  over  an  undivided  Union,  grateful 
to  the  Almighty  God  that  in  his  own  good  time  peaoe 
had  returned  to  a  divided  and  sorrowing  people,  cheered 
and  animated  by  the  hope  of  a  long  future  of  prosperity 
and  happiness  to  the  country,  gave  assurance  to  the 
R  scattered  and  remaining  few  of  those  who  were  but  yes- 
m  ter.^ay  iB  KrBB8v.*g*UlSrt  *5e   fla*'  ■•    tne*'   eagerly 


restoration  of  all  tbe  rights  under  the  old  Government. 

and  to  the  humble  and  long  oppressed,  rescued  from  a 

*  servitude  dishonorable  alike   to  bumaultv  and  to  the 

S  flair  of   IMMnm.  nir.iennahin    In    ih.    »-„..»    t> v.j  .  .._ 


a  evert    Who  shall  measure  tbe  usefulness  of  the  life  of 


'   in  tbe  course  of  timet 

isuit  of  its  ajn  what  degree  of  cold  the  fruit 
nation  we  'lien  charged  with  moisture.    It 

ice  for  the 

wu  to  our 


ft 


Come  what  may,  whether  a  republic  founded  on.  the  I 
immovable  foundations   of  justice   and   freedoc        yet  cunning  art  shall  here  her  triumph*  bring, 
proved  after  long  experience  m  the  beat  form  of  i\       a  ud  laurel'd  bards  their  choicest  ftnPW"*  eluf, 
i  government  standing,  or  whether  a  republio  in;       Here,  honor*d  aire  shall  par©  its  wintry  brow, 
;  torn  1b  two  by  factions  aad  rent  by  the  mad  ambll      And  youtb  to  freedom  make  a  Spartan  tow. 
meu,  this   monument,  an  enduring  testimonial  i       Here.  ripenVl  manhood  from  it*  walks  profound, 

humble  We,  the  glorious  deeds,  and  the  shining  ex]  ,   Shall  come  and  halt,  as  if  on  hallowM  ground. 


of  the  great  citizen  and  martyr,  will  stand  for  to]  Here  ahali  the  urn  with  fragrant  wreaths  he  d 

mination  of  all  moo  of  every  tijime,  nationality,  ad  By  tender  handa  the  flow*?  tribute*  |tw»r  * 

dltion  who,  la  search  of  tbehigheet  aims  and  lofu«4  And  wending  westward,  from  oppressions  far, 

poaea  of  Uie,  shell  oome  to  this  fountain  for  Inspli  Bhali  pilgrims  oome  led  by  onr  freedom-star  j 

and  hope.    Here  the  bumble  may  take  new  courajj  While  bending  lowly,  it  ot>t  friendly  &ali7/'  1 

proud  leant  humility;  the  ambitious  that  the  trol  The  alleut  tear  from  ebon  cheeks  shall  tali    •• 

&3fSffi&^  Bterneand  vain  the  trlbnte.  which.  Wf^" 

great;  %  no  other  country  under  the  ran  oonld  tl  »  » the  Past  (bat  ooosecrawi "to-day  "»*™ 

acute  boy  have  found  hie  way  through  (bo  long  el  i  ^^^S^S^SiS^iSSSSS  sJ 

sion  of  mysterious  and  grave  events  to  such  emu  Wno  e*w  *W  right,  and dared  the  rlgh^  tp  Mr 

and I  powerTend 'wheW ,aod  in  what  land,  can  q  »ue  ^SS^S^SSSSffS^SSuS-: 

found  who  wielded  power  with  such  grace,  hunj  g  thJW"5n'£^%iB01w!*,»i y*ElE*r?2i. 

and  wlsdoml*  The  fivln«  assign  him  km  prope7li  *  S^go^^lVKd^^a  Srt V 


and  wisdom  I 


ihniT!W(Mr.it)Tn  f  Afftiftf' T' w  i^  '"lit  i  ■ 


lightened  by  the  purity  and  splendor  of  his  admlj : 
tlon  and  public  services,  cannot  fail  to  fix  his1 
among  tbow  who  shall  rank  highest  in  their  venei 
•  He  baa  gone  to  the  firmament  of  Washington,  1 
new  light  shines  down  upon  his  beloved  couflU 
from  the  American  constellation.  !  "^ 

The  choir  then  sang  "Best.  Spirit  Beat,"  at  th) 


Bespeaks  the  import  of  the  bettor  age. 

When  man,  for  man.  no  more  shall  forgo  the  chain,  ,  > 

Then  shall  this  boon  to  human  freedom  gives  *£"' 
Be  fitly  deem'd  a  sacred  gift  of  heaven :— 
Though  of  the  earth,  it  is  no  less  divine.-* 
Founded  on  truth  It  will  forever  shine," 


aEmidMgMEEE 


MM^M 


°lde  of  the  atatue,  rose,  and  amid  breathless  i 


form.   President  Edwards  then  read  the  poem  1     T»»  *>eadk  »*»H»  BWed  an  appropriate  air,  when  Ion*! 


H''i'V'#l  I""-'  ri'"''  !'"'f  • 


■  •  THE  DEDICATION  POEM. 
We  build  not  here  a  temple  or  a  shrine, 
Nor  hero-fane  to  demigods  divine ; 
.  Nor  to  the  clouds  a  superstructure  rear 
For  man's  ambition  or  for  servile  fear. 
Not  to  the  Dost,  but  to  the  Deeds  alone 
A  grateful  people  raise  th'  bistorio  stone ; 
For  where  a  patriot  lived,  or  hero  fell, 
The  daisied  toxf  would  mark  the  spot  aa  w 


The  daisied  turf  would  mark  the  spot  aa  well. 

i*  What  though  tbe  Pyramids,  with  apex  high, 
Like  Alpine  peaks  cleave  Egypt's  rainless  sky 

.  And  oast  grim  shadows  o'er  a  desert  land'  I 
_  Forever  bUehted  by  owrssswu's  hand  I  — - 

No  patriot  real  their  deep  foundations  laid— 

No  freeman's  hand  their  dsrkon'd  chamber*  m 
*  No  public  weal'lospired  the  heart  with  love, 
I  To  see  their  summit*  tow'rtag  bigu  above. 

Tbe  ruling  Pharaoh,  proud  and  eory>stsloed, 
I  With  vain  ambitions  never  ret  attained;—  I 


feV^^^M^i^#^^B,^v^^ 


Mb.  Chairmah.  Ladies  aud  Oemtlkmbm  :  On  an  ooc 
•wn  lite  the  present  it  is  a  duty  on  my  part  to  bei 
testimony  to  the  great  and  good  qualities  fir  the  natrvi  ■ 
otlo  man  whose  earthly  remains  uow  rest  beneath  thai 
dedicated  monument.  It  was  not  my  fortune  to  make  the* 
personal  acquaintance  of  Mr.  Lincoln  till  the  beginning?) 
of  the  last  year  of  the  great  struggle  for  National  exiiM 
ence.  During  those  yean  of  doubt  and  despondency  j 
among  the  many  patriotio  meu  of  tbe  country,  AbrabaxaW 
Lincoln  never  fur  a  moment  doubted  but  the  final  reenlM 
would  be  In  favor  of  peace,  Union,  and  freedo 
every  race  in  this  broad  land;  bis  faith  in  an  all- 
Providence  directing  our  arms  to  this  final  result  w 
the    faith    or     the    Christian    that    his    Bedeem 

ilveth.      Amidst     •pbloaW.     P* ^«K.kS 

hate     undisguised,     and    whioh 

to    without     restraint     through 

the  stump  and  in  private  circles,  he  remained  tbe  sum 

stanch,  unyielding  servant  of  the  people,  never  exhibit^ 

ing  revengeful  feelings  toward  his  iraUuoers.   Be  rather* 


sfifeaa^ 


•    For 
at  th©  mm 

— .u  heaven's  free  sunlight  darker  than  their  0  (Lincoln)  was  being  assailed,  bat  that  a  treasonabir 

His  hot  to  will,  and  theirs  to  yield  and  feel,   ~    spirit -one  waiting  to  destroy  tbe  freest  1  governmen 

Like  verinln'd  dust  beneath  bis  Iron  heel',—        the  snu  evershoue  upon— was  giving  vent  "to  itself  oi 

"  ,'  him  as  the  Chief  Executive  of  tbe  nation,  only  because 


Historic  Justice  bide  the  nations  know. 


have  avoided  all  that  slander,  for  bis  life  was  a  pure  andl 


Nor  stone,  nor  bronic  can  fit  memorials  yield     X  peVsonaTreTations  wYtb  Un*  wciT^ote;  aTiuu'-i 
For  deeds  of  valor  on  the  bloody  field  mate  as  the  nature   of  our  respective  duties    wouloV 

♦Neath  war*  dark  clouds  the  sturdy  volunteer,  peruut^  l<o  *uuw  Uiia  personally  was  lofove  ra£ 
By  freedom  taught  his  country  to  revere,  reapecMiiui  for  his  great  qualities  of  hesdasd  hear?  and] 

Bids  home  and  friends  a  hasty,  »ad  adieu,  for  his  patience  and  patriotism.    With  Ji  hfJ Trt  £SS 


And  with  mute  patlenoe  brooks  the  longdelay,  those  who  had  gained  his  oonfideuoe  but  to  betra vit    i 
Pr  bears  tbe  trumpet,  or  tbe  thrilling  djbin       never  heard  hlra  utter  a  complaint,  or  oast  ceuaure  foi 
'j'eal  the  long  roll  that  calls:  ««They  cornel  bad Iconduotor  bad  faith.- It  was  hs nature  u>  find  ex 
f  eomel"  ^     .      ^    ?;,;         fMM(orlii8«avMijri«(,   In  Ws  death  the  iaiton  lot* 

Then  to  the  front  with  battling  hosts  he  flies,       ts  greatest  head,    la  bis  death  the  South  lost  Iw  inosil 
And  Jives  to  triumph,  or  lor  freedom  dies.         Just  friend.  *  W  ir^1*  "•«  W»uf« m\  »Hi  W^\ 

Thund'nng  amain  along  tbe  rooky  strand,  Ex-Vice  President  Colfax,  who  was  discovered  on  thJ 

Tbe  Ocean  claims  her  honors  with  the  Land,  platform,  was  loudly  called  for,  and.  In  very  eloquent) 

Loud  on  the  galo  she  chimes  the  wild  refrain,  and  feeling  remarks,  paid  his  tribute  of  inn  *n*  nlru^ti 

Or  with  low  murmur  wails  ber  heroes  slalo  I  tA  ,lw>  ,,„„*^"  _"'  ™  ._B!T.^nuuw  °H°Te  and  respocM 


mmmwii 


the  ngbt,  einkswli,.,-,^    ^^  pronounced,  aud  the    vast  assombisge   quietly 

Beloved  banner  of  the  axure  sky,     -•             persed.  *     ■""  1 

Thy  rightful  home  where'er  thy  eagles  fly;    I  *^  '  ,, „, 

On  tby  blue  fields  the  stars'  of  beav'n.  descend,  — — jufv.-'p     :k.-.'.    «»**.- 
And  to  our  dav  a  purer  luster  lend. 


And  bade  Tby  peace  to  come,  "and  oome  to  stays 
And  while  war's  deluge  flll'd  tbe  land  with  blood, 
With  bow  of  promise  arob'd  tbe  crimson  flood,— 


wmmmfflm 


--. 


THE  LINCOLN  MONUMENT  in  Springfield,  III.  The  body  of  President  Lincoln  rests  in 
the  crypt  of  this  national  monument.  Springfield  is  proud  of  the  fact  that  Lincoln  at  oik- 
time  was  a  resident  of  that  city. 


HOOVER  REDEDICATES  LINCOLN  TOMB 


President  Herbert  Hoover  dedicated  the  rebuilt  Lincoln  Memor- 
ial at  Springfield,  111.,  and  closed  his  three-day  visit  to  the  Midwest. 
In  Ins  address  al  the  tomb  he  reminded  the  nation  of  Lincoln's  oft 
repeated  admonition  that  obedience  to  law  is  the  safeguard  to  lib- 
erty. In  this  photo,  made  by  NEA  Service.  Inc.,  for  The  Gazette, 
President   lioover  is   shown   makinpr  the   dedicatory   address. 


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